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Christchurch mosque shootings: New Zealand to ban military style weapons Christchurch mosque shootings: New Zealand to ban military style weapons
(32 minutes later)
New Zealand will ban all types of semi-automatic weapons used in the Christchurch attacks, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has said. New Zealand will ban all types of semi-automatic weapons and assault rifles following the Christchurch attacks, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has said.
The country's gun laws have been in the spotlight since 50 people were killed at two mosques last Friday.The country's gun laws have been in the spotlight since 50 people were killed at two mosques last Friday.
Ms Ardern said she expected new legislation to be in place by 11 April. Ms Ardern said she expected new legislation to be in place by 11 April, saying: "Our history changed forever. Now, our laws will too."
All of the dead have now been formally identified, Commissioner Mike Bush confirmed. One man has been charged with one murder. All of the dead have now been formally identified, police have confirmed.
Australian Brenton Tarrant, a self-proclaimed white supremacist, is expected to face further charges. One man has been charged with one murder. Australian Brenton Tarrant, a self-proclaimed white supremacist, is expected to face further charges.
He had obtained a firearm licence in New Zealand in 2017.
What will change and how soon?What will change and how soon?
"On 15 March our history changed forever. Now, our laws will too," said the prime minister, who has said the killings were a terrorist attack. "Six days after this attack, we are announcing a ban on all military style semi-automatics (MSSA) and assault rifles in New Zealand," Ms Ardern said.
"Now, six days after this attack, we are announcing a ban on all military style semi-automatics (MSSA) and assault rifles in New Zealand.".
"Related parts used to convert these guns into MSSAs are also being banned, along with all high-capacity magazines.""Related parts used to convert these guns into MSSAs are also being banned, along with all high-capacity magazines."
She said an amnesty and a buy-back scheme would be imposed so the owners of affected weapons could hand them in.She said an amnesty and a buy-back scheme would be imposed so the owners of affected weapons could hand them in.
Ms Ardern said the buy-back could cost "anywhere between $100m ($69m; £52m) and $200m. But that is the price that we must pay to ensure the safety of our communities".Ms Ardern said the buy-back could cost "anywhere between $100m ($69m; £52m) and $200m. But that is the price that we must pay to ensure the safety of our communities".
The lone gunman armed with semi-automatic rifles including an AR-15 killed people as they prayed on Friday. He is believed to have modified his weapon with a high-capacity magazine. The prime minister has said the killings were a terrorist attack.
The prime minister said measures would be imposed to prevent a rush of gun buying before the law comes in. The lone gunman, armed with semi-automatic rifles including an AR-15, is believed to have modified his weapons with high-capacity magazines.
As of 15:00 local time on Thursday, a range of semi-automatic weapons have been reclassified under the Arms Act, making them harder to buy. The prime minister said measures were already in place to prevent a rush of gun-buying before the law comes in, including a range of semi-automatic weapons being reclassified, making them harder to buy.
"I can assure people, that there is no point in applying for such a permit," she said."I can assure people, that there is no point in applying for such a permit," she said.
What did the PM tell gun owners?What did the PM tell gun owners?
Addressing the impact on gun owners, Ms Ardern said she knew "many of you will have acted within the law". Ms Ardern said she knew many gun owners had "acted within the law".
"When Australia undertook similar reforms, their approach was to allow for exemptions for farmers upon application, including for pest control and animal welfare. We have taken similar action to identify the weapons legitimately required in those areas, and preclude them," she said.
Australia banned semi-automatic weapons after the 1996 Port Arthur massacre in Tasmania, in which 35 people were shot dead.
The guns subject to exemptions will include "0.22 calibre rifles and shotguns commonly used for duck hunting," Ms Ardern said.
"I strongly believe that the vast majority of legitimate gun owners in New Zealand will understand that these moves are in the national interest, and will take these changes in their stride," she said."I strongly believe that the vast majority of legitimate gun owners in New Zealand will understand that these moves are in the national interest, and will take these changes in their stride," she said.
As with Australia's gun reforms in 1996 exemptions will be made for farmers legitimately needing weapons for pest control and animal welfare.
Police minister Stuart Nash, also at the announcement, said it was "a privilege and not a right to own a firearm in New Zealand".
He encouraged gun owners with weapons affected by the ban to phone police to arrange surrendering them.
Victims of the Christchurch shootingsVictims of the Christchurch shootings
New Zealand's police minister Stuart Nash said of the development: "I want to remind that it is a privilege and not a right to own a firearm in New Zealand."
He encouraged gun owners with weapons affected by the ban to phone police to arrange bringing them into a police station.
How will the law be changed?How will the law be changed?
Ms Ardern said legislation to bring in the ban would be introduced when the parliament sits in the first week of April. Ms Ardern said the legislation would be introduced when parliament sits in the first week of April.
She said there would be a "short, sharp select committee process" for feedback on technical aspects of the law, and that changes to the Arms Act should be passed within the next session. There would be a "short, sharp select committee process" for feedback on technical aspects of the law, she said, and changes to the Arms Act should be passed within the next session.
Once the amnesty period ends, anyone in possession of a banned weapon would face a fine of up to NZ$4,000 and three years in jail.Once the amnesty period ends, anyone in possession of a banned weapon would face a fine of up to NZ$4,000 and three years in jail.
Analysis: An overwhelming drive for change
By Phil Mercer in Christchurch
New Zealand has tried - and failed - to reform its gun laws several times in the past two decades, but the momentum for change is now overwhelming. Owners will be forced to surrender proscribed firearms and will be compensated, but those who resist could be prosecuted.
A major hurdle for the authorities is that no-one knows how many assault rifles and military-style semi-automatic weapons are out there. New Zealand's Police Association has said there also needs to be a register of all guns and their owners.
That could happen in the next round of amendments promised by the prime minister, which will focus on licensing and registration. She has broad public support following the atrocities in Christchurch.
Earlier, MPs in the capital, Wellington, were handed a petition with more than 65,000 signatures demanding tougher laws. Some gun owners aren't happy, insisting that vetting procedures were already strict enough. They are, though, swimming against the tide.
What has the reaction been?
Survivor Kawthar Abulaban, 54, who was at the Al Noor mosque, welcomed the move: "It's a good thing, why would we need to have guns like this in our houses?" she told AFP.
The move drew strong responses in the US, where campaigners against gun violence frequently clash with the pro-gun lobby.
Democratic Senator Bernie Sanders called for America to follow New Zealand's lead, tweeting: "This is what real action to stop gun violence looks like."
In response, National Rifle Association (NRA) spokeswoman Dana Loesch cited the Second Amendment of the US constitution, which gives Americans the right to carry guns.
"The US isn't NZ," she tweeted. "While they do not have an inalienable right to bear arms and to self defense, we do."
What are New Zealand's current gun laws?What are New Zealand's current gun laws?
Currently, the minimum legal age to own a gun in New Zealand is 16, or 18 for military-style semi-automatic weapons. BBC Reality Check: What are New Zealand's gun laws?
All gun owners must have a licence, but most individual weapons don't have to be registered. New Zealand is one of the few countries where this is the case.
In order to own a gun legally, applicants for a firearm licence must pass a background check of criminal and medical records. Factors like mental health, addiction and domestic violence should be considered.
Once a licence has been issued, gun-owners can buy as many weapons as they want.
A special application must be made to police to own military-style semi-automatic weapons, pistols, or other restricted firearms.
Most guns don't have to be registered, however - and because of this, police say they can't be sure how many legally-owned firearms there are in the country.
As of June 2018, there were 246,952 active firearms licences including dealers and individual owners.