Security talks have begun in East Timor's capital, Dili, between the country's foreign minister and his Australian and Indonesian counterparts.
Australia is leading an international peacekeeping effort in Dili after violence broke out earlier this year.
The meeting comes after more unrest in the city and the escape of more than 50 inmates from a prison there.
East Timor's government has accused the international forces of not providing enough security outside the jail.
Australia has rejected the allegation and there is likely to be some tough talking during Australian Foreign Minister Alexander Downer's talks with East Timor's Jose Luis Guterres, according to the BBC's Phil Mercer in Sydney.
Some of the fugitives have been recaptured but the vast majority are still on the run.
Among them is Major Alfredo Reinado, who is suspected of orchestrating some of the violence that shook East Timor earlier this year.
In May, after then Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri fired nearly half the country's soldiers for going on strike, he led a group of 600 disaffected soldiers against forces loyal to the government.
The Australian-led peacekeeping force was sent in shortly after to try to restore order.
Mr Downer is expected to talk about scaling back his country's deployment following the approval of a new UN mission to East Timor.
He has also made it clear he believes East Timor should take a more active role in its own security.
Details of the new UN peacekeeping mission to East Timor will also be on the agenda and Mr Downer will also have talks on terrorism and trans-national crime with his Indonesian counterpart Hassan Wirajuda.
The discussions are taking place against a backdrop of renewed violence.
After weeks of relative calm, there has been further gang violence in Dili, with shots fired and serious injuries reported.