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On the Ground: Ukraine Under Attack Ukraine Under Attack: Documenting the Russian Invasion
(about 2 months later)
For weeks, a Russian invasion had been feared, but once the sweeping attack began last week, hitting seemingly every corner of Ukraine, the war became unavoidably tangible for its people, a hovering cloud of darkness that once seemed unimaginable in the post-Cold War era. Atrocities against civilians. Hundreds of casualties, with the toll rising. Millions of refugees. Thriving cities besieged and reduced to rubble.
Hearing the booms of missile explosions and air attacks, and reports of battles that had killed both civilians and soldiers, some vowed to fight the intruders however they could. Most also realized, though, that life defying Russia’s overwhelming might was likely to be hazardous. These horrors of war go on for Ukrainians, but they have also put up an unexpectedly fierce resistance to the weekslong Russian invasion. Joined by civilians who have picked up arms, Ukrainian forces have held on to Kyiv, the capital, and forced the Russian military to change its strategy, shifting its attention to the east.
In parts of Ukraine, people cleaned out grocery stores. They rushed the A.T.M.s to get their savings while they could. Many thousands waited in impossible lines for bus tickets or sat in their cars in monstrous traffic jams, seeking to head west, to NATO-protected lands. Others took up arms in volunteer militias or donated blood to their fellow citizens. But even with some of the victories came unimaginable terror. Retreating Russian troops left a trail of bodies in the northwestern suburbs of Kyiv. In the town of Bucha, evidence unearthed by local officials, residents and journalists suggested the Russians had killed civilians recklessly and sometimes sadistically, in part out of revenge.
As Ukrainian forces waged intense battles for Kyiv, the capital, Kharkiv and other major cities, people waited to see what might come of an escalating war, Western sanctions against Russia and sputtering diplomacy. Photographers with The New York Times and other news organizations are throughout Ukraine and following the flow of refugees across Europe, providing a look at a populace coping with the uncertainty and fear of a military invasion. Those killings emerged after a maternity ward and a theater where civilians were sheltering in the besieged port city of Mariupol were bombed. While Russia has claimed victory there, the last remaining Ukrainian fighters have holed up with civilians in a steel plant, refusing to surrender. All through the war, Russia has kept up attacks on the southern part of Ukraine. On the outskirts of Odesa, at least eight people were killed when two cruise missiles struck a residential neighborhood. Among the dead was a 3-month-old child, said Andriy Yermak, the head of the presidential administration.
The battle is now converging on the eastern region, which is familiar ground for Russian forces because they invaded the area in 2014. The massing of troops there has led to yet another round of evacuations, as thousands fled the region in anticipation of an escalation in fighting.
For the past ten weeks, photographers with The New York Times and other news organizations throughout Ukraine have chronicled the ordeal of war.
This gallery contains graphic images.This gallery contains graphic images.
Anton Tabunshchyk, a member of the regional parliament in Mykolaiv, with a Russian Tigr infantry mobility vehicle that was destroyed in Saturday’s fighting. Ukrainian forces on Sunday repelled a Russian attack on Mykolaiv, driving back the assault beyond the city limits and slowing Russia’s advance west along the Black Sea. Valentyna Karpiniuk, 67, fled her home in Moshchun, Ukraine, days after the Russian invasion began. She returned with her husband on April 30 to find their home destroyed.
A woman is ushered to relative safety by Ukrainian soldiers. A steady stream of civilians tried to make their way out of Irpin, near Kyiv, while being shelled by Russians. Stanislav Chernyshev, 58, welded plates for body armor, part of a group of volunteers making tactical equipment for the Ukrainian military on April 30 in Zaporizhzhia.
Dasha Zhomer and her daughter, Alice, refugees from Cherkasy, Ukraine, wait for a bus in Medyka after crossing the Polish border. A woman looks out from a bombed-out apartment in central Kyiv on April 29 after an overnight Russian missile strike.
A Roma refugee from Ukraine receives a beverage from a volunteer at the humanitarian aid center at Nyugati train station in central Budapest. While the Roma family had to show their passports to police officers, on the right, before being allowed to receive food, other Ukrainians were not required to show any documentation. Each Roma child only received one beverage and one sandwich while the other refugees were offered as much as they want. Ukrainian soldiers walked through a street in the village of Shestovytsia where a column of destroyed Russian military vehicles were cleared away, on April 29.
Refugees in Palanca, Moldova, on the border of Ukraine. Residents waiting to receive food distributed by volunteers in the village of Novoselivka, on April 29, near Chernihiv, Ukraine.
Fellow soldiers carried the coffin of Senior Sgt. Yevhen Verveyko, 27, of the Ukrainian army, who was killed fighting against Russian forces. Dozens of vehicles and some people on foot, clinging to their belongings, streamed into Kharkiv, once Ukraine’s second largest city, on April 29, fleeing fighting in a town to the north.
Anzhelika Verveyko is comforted by a friend during the funeral ceremony for her husband, Sergeant Verveyko, who was killed in an artillery strike on his position north of Kyiv on Feb. 27. Hanna Tazaiev, 64 (center, holding flag), attending the funeral of her son, Liubomyr Tazaiev, 37, in the western city of Lviv on April 29. Mr. Tazaiev, a Ukrainian soldier, was killed by shrapnel while fighting in Popasna in the eastern Luhansk region.
Refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine walk up stairs to catch a train in Przemysl, Poland. An American volunteer teaching Ukrainian soldiers how to use a Javelin missile outside Zaporizhzhia, in southeastern Ukraine, on April 28.
A Ukrainian soldier oiling his weapon at a base in Kyiv. Valeriy Grigoryev cleaning up the aftermath of an airstrike in a residential neighborhood in Zaporizhzhia, in southeastern Ukraine, on April 28.
Ihor Mazhayev, 54, in the rubble of his home, which destroyed by Russian shelling in Markhalivka, southwest of Kyiv. António Guterres, the U.N. secretary general, visited Borodyanka, Ukraine, on April 28.
People trying to escape from Irpin, a city near Kyiv, sheltered under a destroyed bridge. Ihor Kuznetsov, 21, and his girlfriend Nastia Petriaeva, 19, both of whom fled from Kramatorsk earlier this month, watching an episode of “Peaky Blinders” on a cellphone at a shelter for people displaced by the Russian invasion in the western city of Lviv on April 28.
Crowded trains headed west, carrying refugees away from the fighting. Ukrainian military, police officers and rescuers at the scene of a missile strike in central Kyiv on April 28.
Ukrainian medics draped the grave of their fallen colleague, Valentyna Pushych, in Kyiv. The village of Demydiv, Ukraine, on April 24. The village has about 750 households, of which roughly 50 were flooded after the tactical decision to release water from a hydroelectric dam between the Irpin River and the Kyiv Reservoir to block the Russian military advance.
Thousands of refugees fleeing Kyiv arrived at the train station in Lviv, a city near the border with Poland. Hlib Kihitov, 21, pays his final respects to his twin brother, Ehor Kihitov, in Lviv, Ukraine, on April 26.
A Ukrainian soldier stands guard at a barricade near Kyiv. A charred tank stands in the ruins of Hostomel, Ukraine, northwest of Kyiv, on April 25.
A Ukrainian firefighter taking cover behind a wall. A building continued to burn after parts of Kharkiv had been targeted in Russian attacks on April 23.
Nazar, 28, a Ukrainian soldier, wounded in shelling while fighting Russian troops in Donetsk, rested in the military hospital in Zaporizhzhia, in southeastern Ukraine, on April 25.
The streets of Mykolaev were virtually empty on Friday, with fear of a Russian attack coming at any time. A wall of flowers and photographs served as a memorial for civilians killed since the start of the Russian invasion in Lviv, Ukraine, on April 24.
Volunteer fighters receiving weapons training as rockets fly overhead in Kyiv. Across Lviv, Christians gathered in courtyards in front of churches throughout the day on April 23 to receive blessings ahead of Easter, one of the most important holidays on the Orthodox Christian calendar. Families carried baskets filled with cakes, sausages and elaborately hand-painted Easter eggs.
Part of a rocket landed in the middle of the road by a bus station in Kyiv. Members of the Ukrainian Territorial Defense Forces hold Easter cakes near the trenches they man in a forest outside Kyiv on April 23.
Desperate Ukrainian families trying to board a train heading west out of Kyiv toward Lviv. A firefighter arriving at a blaze that started after a Russian bombardment on April 22 in the Saltivka neighborhood of Kharkiv.
Ukrainian families running across train tracks to get to the next Westbound train in Kyiv. Bombs struck shopping and residential areas on in the Saltivka neighborhood of Kharkiv on April 22.
People removing personal belongings from a burning house after being shelled in the city of Irpin, outside Kyiv. Lt. Olena Petyak, second in command of the 128th Separate Mountain Assault Brigade, near the front lines in the Zaporizhzhya region on April 22.
A residential building damaged by shelling in the city of Chernihiv. Ukrainian families arriving in Zaporizhzhia on April 21 after fleeing from the Russian-occupied city of Mariupol.
A bus riddled with machine gun fire in Kyiv. President Volodymyr Zelensky speaking at a news conference in Kyiv on April 23.
Ukrainian children riding an evacuation train through Kyiv as it travels west toward Lviv. Maksim Syroizhko, a Ukrainian soldier, with his girlfriend, Yana Matvapaeva, on April 21 in Kyiv. The couple said that they had been together for the past five years but, until that day, had not seen each other since the war began.
A residential area after shelling in Mariupol. The funeral of Ivan Datsko, 38, a Ukrainian soldier who was killed in fighting in the eastern Donetsk region, at Saints Peter and Paul Garrison Church in Lviv on April 21.
Serhii, father of teenager Iliya, weeps beside his son’s lifeless body lying on a stretcher at a maternity hospital converted into a medical ward in Mariupol. A rocket strike slammed into a residential neighborhood in northern Kharkiv on April 21, killing at least two people in a car.
A Ukrainian soldier’s campsite at the front line, northeast of Kyiv. Matviy, 12, lying in a basement shelter in the village of Avdiivka, along the front line in the Donetsk region of eastern Ukraine, on April 20.
A solitary Ukrainian warship off the coast of Odessa, amid rumors of an approaching Russian flotilla. Cars passing through the war-ravaged Kyiv suburb of Horenka on April 19.
A detainee was led out of Kyiv’s main train station by Ukrainian security personnel as attacks against Ukrainian targets continue, and Ukrainian and Russian forces battled on the outskirts of the city. The body of a victim of shelling lay in a street on April 19 in Kharkiv.
Damage from a rocket strike at the main train station in Kyiv. Alexandre Bulatov, 49, digging a grave in the civilian section of the cemetery in the Kyiv suburb of Irpin on April 18.
Ukrainian families scrambled to get on trains traveling west out of Kyiv toward Lviv. Firefighters trying to put out a blaze at the scene of a Russian missile strike on a tire fitting plant in the western city of Lviv on April 18.
President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine during a news conference in Kyiv on Thursday. “We have a special people, an extraordinary people,” he said. A Russian artillery strike killed at least one person on April 18 in Kharkiv.
A train station in Radymno, Poland, where many refugees start their journey deeper into Poland after getting some rest at a reception center set up at a shopping mall. Valentyna Nechyporenko, 77, mourning at the grave of her 47-year-old son Ruslan during his funeral at a cemetery in Bucha on April 18. Ruslan was killed by the Russian army on March 17 while delivering humanitarian aid to his neighbors.
Statues and monuments of cultural significance around Lviv were wrapped with foam and plastic sheeting, to protect them against possible bombardment. Residents of Horenka, a suburb of Kyiv, on April 18 near apartment blocks that were destroyed during earlier battles between Russian and Ukrainian forces.
Taria, 27, in her tent where she is living with her two children and other Ukrainian families below ground in a subway station. Many of them have been there for about a week as Russian and Ukrainian forces fight on the outskirts of Kyiv. A bombed-out bridge across the Irpin River on April 17.
A Ukrainian mother tends to her newborn in a maternity ward in the basement of a hospital in Kyiv. Pallbearers carrying the caskets of Taras Kotliarchuk, 43, and Ivan Mynjo, 24, Ukrainian soldiers who were killed in fighting in the country’s east, during their funerals at Saints Peter and Paul Garrison Church in Lviv on April 18.
A building of the Karazin Kharkiv National University after shelling in Kharkiv. Ukrainian refugees singing the country’s national anthem during a demonstration in Krakow, Poland, on April 17.
Police officers remove the body of a passer-by killed in an airstrike that hit Kyiv’s main television tower the day before. American firefighters are joined by German, Australian, and Ukrainian volunteers in digging out the body of a Ukrainian man on April 17 after his home was hit by a Russian strike in the town of Hostomel.
A residential building, which locals said was damaged by recent shelling, in the separatist-controlled town of Horlivka in the Donetsk region. A Ukrainian soldier comforting Olena Siksoi, the mother of his comrade Ruslan Siksoi, 30, during his funeral in Lviv on April 17 after he was killed during fighting in the country’s east.
Hundreds of women and children were crammed into the tunnels of a Lviv train station as they waited to board evacuation trains out of Ukraine. A Palm Sunday ceremony at the Saints Peter and Paul Garrison Church in Lviv on April 17.
Dima Kurganov, 39, said goodbye to his wife and two children before they left on a train to Poland. Russian rockets struck a neighborhood in central Kharkiv on April 17.
Ukrainian refugees waiting at the main hall of a train station in Przemysl, Poland. Four freshly dug graves, for an early-morning funeral, at a cemetery in Irpin on April 16.
People were blessed by a priest during Mass on Ash Wednesday at the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Cathedral in Lviv. Sister Diogena Tereshkevych comforting people displaced from eastern Ukraine inside a bomb shelter during an air raid alert in the western Ukrainian city of Lviv on April 15.
The headquarters of “Moldova for Peace,” a working group under the auspices of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Government of the Republic of Moldova, in Chisinau. The group’s volunteers are helping refugees coming from Ukraine. Firefighters put out a fire on April 15 after a building was bombed by Russian forces in Derhachi, about 7 miles northwest of Kharkiv.
The Ukrainian village of Dachne, north of Odessa, as Russian forces escalated attacks on civilian targets. A Palm Sunday service at St. Andrew’s church in Bucha on April 17.
Volunteers put sandbags around the regional administration building in Vinnytsia. The bodies of a man and woman buried in the backyard of a home in the village of Vablya were exhumed, placed in body bags and taken for autopsies on April 14. Authorities said that the two civilians were killed by a Russian rocket attack.
Ukrainian security forces guarding Maidan Square in Kyiv. The ruins of the village of Andriivka, west of Kyiv, on April 14.
Grigore Josan and his wife, Gheorgjina, have been hosting 11 members of a Ukrainian family for a week in Causeni, Moldova. Mourners attending a funeral ceremony for Taras Bobanych, 33, deputy commander of the Ukrainian nationalist group Right Sector, at a cemetery in Lviv, Ukraine, on April 13.
A projectile hit the main radio and television tower in Kyiv. Volunteer cemetery workers in Bucha on April 12 loading a truck with 65 bodies being taken for forensic investigation.
Emergencies personnel carry the body out of the damaged local city hall of Kharkiv, destroyed as a result of Russian troop shelling. A photo taken during a visit to Mariupol organized by the Russian military shows the inside of a theater where hundreds of civilians are believed to have been killed in mid-March, when it was destroyed by a Russian airstrike.
Medical workers move a patient in a basement of a maternity hospital converted into a medical ward and used as a bomb shelter in Mariupol. Lviv residents assembling camouflage nets for the Ukrainian Army on April 9.
Service members of pro-Russian troops in uniforms without insignia are seen atop of a tank in the separatist-controlled settlement of Buhas, in the Donetsk region. Anastasia Huseva mourning her husband, Vitaly Oleksandrovych Husev, 33, a member of Ukraine’s Territorial Defense Forces, during a funeral on April 11 in Irpin.
Steel barricades used to obstruct tanks and other armored vehicles being welded in Odessa, before being distributed throughout the city. Firefighters and other workers cleared debris during a search for bodies in the rubble of a destroyed apartment building in Borodianka, Ukraine, on April 9.
Refugees from Ukraine after crossing the border in Medyka, Poland. A neighborhood in Kharkiv, in eastern Ukraine, on April 8 that had been bombed overnight.
Tents for refugees to rest after crossing the border in Palanca, Moldova. The crowded train station in Dnipro, Ukraine, on April 9, as people fled ahead of an expected Russian assault in the eastern part of the country.
Refugees resting in a tent in Palanca. A rally on April 7 in support of the Russian military invasion of Ukraine, in Simferopol, Crimea, the peninsula annexed by Russia in 2014.
Ilona Koval, center, the choreographer for the Ukrainian national figure skating team, fleeing Ukraine with her daughter, left, and a family friend. A fragment of what Ukraine’s president described as a Tochka-U short-range missile, following an attack at a railway station in Kramatorsk on April 8.
Worshipers attending a service in the Kyiv Monastery of the Caves. An unattended casualty on the platform in the aftermath of the attack on the railway station.
The monastery, parts of which are almost 1,000 years old, is one of the holiest sites for Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Ukraine and Russia. A woman prayed as she and others waited to cross a bridge into the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv, while bombs continued to strike nearby, on April 7.
Ukrainian volunteers filing into a bunker on Monday as a sirens warned of a possible incoming attack at a base in Kyiv where volunteers and security forces are readied for war. Emergency responders on the outskirts of Kharkiv, a target of heavy bombing, on April 7.
Ukrainian volunteers getting ready for combat at a base in Kyiv where they receive rapid training in military disciplines ranging from intelligence to the use of weapons. An artist entertained children with soap bubbles in central Lviv, in western Ukraine, on April 7.
A satellite image showing a military convoy along a highway near Ivankiv in northern Ukraine. Body collectors carry a man’s remains out of a home in Bucha, Ukraine, on April 7. He had been found in the kitchen.
A Russian armored personnel carrier burning next to an unidentified soldier’s body during a fight with the Ukrainian armed forces in Kharkiv. Mykola Motenko, 67, in a damaged home, on April 7, in Derhachi, Ukraine, near the city of Kharkiv, which has been hit by extensive Russian shelling.
Ukraine’s former first lady, Maryna Poroshenko, serving food to Ukrainian volunteers. A team of investigators, with the help of local workers, on April 6 documenting bodies found after Russian forces retreated from Bucha, Ukraine.
Ukrainian women tending to their sick children in a basement shelter of the Okhmadet Childrens Hospital as Russian troops battle Ukrainian forces in and around Kyiv. Borodyanka, a commuter town not far from the capital, Kyiv, on April 5, where as many as 200 people were missing and presumed dead under the rubble.
Tending to sick infants in the basement shelter. Emergency responders removed part of a Smerch rocket from a suburb outside Kharkiv on April 6.
Sasha Gonsharova, 38, caring for her eight-month-old son, who has anemia. Tatyana Petrovna, 72, in the garden of a Bucha home where the bodies of three civilians lay on April 4.
Volunteers in Vinnytsia, Ukraine, collecting and organizing supplies donated to Ukraine’s military and to people displaced by the Russian invasion. Ukrainian soldiers attempted to salvage parts from a destroyed Russian armored vehicle in the recently liberated town of Bucha on April 3.
Long lines of cars and trucks waiting to enter Romania from Moldova. Bodies of civilians that Ukrainian authorities say were killed by Russian forces lay in a mass grave outside St. Andrew’s Church in Bucha on April 3.
Civilian volunteers sorting empty bottles to be used for Molotov cocktails in a parking lot in Dnipro, Ukraine. Crumpled cars littered a main road leading out of the recently liberated town of Bucha on April 3.
People stand in line in front of a supermarket while smoke billows over the town of Vasylkiv just outside Kyiv after overnight Russian strikes hit an oil depot. The body of a civilian, reportedly killed by Russian forces, remained on the streets on April 2 in Bucha.
Loading empty bottles to be used for Molotov cocktails in Dnipro. After more than 30 days without deliveries of food, or gas or electricity to cook it, residents of Bucha waited for food being distributed by the Ukrainian military on April 2.
Several hundred people who fled Ukraine huddled in small groups on Saturday at the train station in Zahony, Hungary, trying to figure out their next move. As many as nine burned-out tanks littered a forest road near Dmytrivka, Ukraine, as Russian forces appeared to withdraw from the region on April 2.
Refugees from Lviv, Ukraine, waiting for their further journey after crossing the border in Medyka, Poland. An Irpin resident stood among rubble in the town on April 1.
The Ukrainian flag is raised over a newly established checkpoint on Sunday in Hushchyntsi, Ukraine. A military funeral for three Ukrainian soldiers in Lviv, in western Ukraine, on March 31.
Local men digging a bunker and building a checkpoint at the edge of their village in Hushchyntsi. Destroyed Russian armored vehicles on the outskirts of Kyiv on March 31.
Worshipers at morning services at St. Paraskeva Orthodox Church in Kalynivka, Ukraine. A volunteer teacher organized games and activities for children in an underground bunker in a small town south of Kyiv on March 31. Many of the children that remain in Ukraine at this point have been living underground for 5 weeks.
The Sunday service in Kalynivka, in central Ukraine. What appeared to be a missile struck near a cultural center turned Ukrainian military barracks near central Kharkiv on March 31, destroying parked vehicles, damaging nearby buildings and throwing earth hundreds of yards in every direction. At least one person was injured.
Emergency workers at the scene after a residential building was hit by missiles in Kyiv. Ukrainian fighters from the Odin Unit, which includes foreign volunteers, returning from battle as emergency workers and troops carry the bodies of soldiers and civilians under the Irpin Bridge on March 31.
A burned vehicle at the scene of a fierce pre-dawn battle between Ukrainian and Russian forces in Kyiv. Bodies of soldiers and civilians brought from Irpin on March 31, to be taken for burial.
Ukrainian emergency workers outside a residential building in Kyiv that was hit by a missile. Fighters of the Ukrainian Odin Unit, including foreign volunteers, among them Americans and Britons, in Irpin, Ukraine, on March 29.
Ukrainian volunteers getting a briefing before being deployed to fight Russian troops in Kyiv. Ukrainian soldiers waiting to advance during an operation to clear out remaining Russian forces on March 29, in Irpin.
A Ukrainian nurse, Iryna Salujan, drawing blood from Slava Kamshyshov, 50, as Ukrainians spent hours in line to donate blood for wounded soldiers and civilians in Kyiv. A territorial defense fighter at a newly dug trench on March 30 near the town of Vasylkiv, which Ukrainian forces took back from the Russians after more than 30 days of fighting.
Volunteers hand-tied camouflage netting for use by the military in Kalynivka. Yulia Beley, center, with her daughter and friends after they escaped from Mariupol, at a shelter in Lviv, in western Ukraine, on March 29.
A Russian tank destroyed by the Ukrainian forces on the side of a road in Lugansk region. A 61-year-old man recuperating at a hospital in Kyiv, Ukraine, on March 28, after being shot in the leg three times by Russian forces in the city of Irpin.
An evacuee from Ukraine crying as she arrived with relatives in the Polish village of Medyka, at the border crossing with Ukraine. More than 100,000 Ukrainians had entered Poland as of Saturday. Ukrainian soldiers resting in Kyiv, Ukraine, after a day of fighting on the front lines on March 28.
Cars lined up for nearly two miles to pick up family members from Ukraine who had entered Poland. A Ukrainian soldier walking in front of the remnants of a Russian tank that was destroyed by an American-made missile on the northern outskirts of Kyiv on March 25.
An employee of the Kalynivka road service removed a road sign on Saturday. Workers around Ukraine were ordered to remove road signs to complicate navigation for Russian troops. A man recovering items from a burning shop in Kharkiv, Ukraine, following a Russian attack on March 25.
Svetlana Akimova, 82, on Saturday in a parking garage where she had been seeking shelter for the past day amid heavy fighting outside her apartment building in Kyiv. A mass grave in Kharkiv on March 26. Workers said that many people in such graves had died of natural causes but had to be buried en masse because no relatives were able to claim the bodies.
Demonstrators confronting the Russian police during an antiwar protest in Moscow on Saturday. Dima Neron, 19, at a hospital in Kyiv on March 25. He was charging his phone with a generator on his family’s farm in the Chernihiv region when a bomb exploded about 50 yards away. He lost three fingers on his left hand and suffered multiple fractures to his left leg.
A member of a locally organized security patrol inspecting a bus shelter while on the lookout for Russian saboteurs in Khomutyntsi, in central Ukraine. Taking care of orphaned babies on March 26. When an orphanage in Boyarka, Ukraine, was evacuated, staff and volunteers found a new home at the Radosc Natura resort in Ustka, Poland.
The body of a Russian soldier next to an armored vehicle that Ukrainian soldiers said was Russian, in Kharkiv. President Biden met with Ukrainian refugees in Poland on March 26, part of his three-day tour to meet with NATO and European leaders.
Ukrainian soldiers at the entrance to Kharkiv, in the shadow of huge blue and yellow letters spelling the city’s name. A warehouse near an oil depot south of Kyiv on March 24. A day earlier, the site was hit by what was said to be a Russian cruise missile.
A Ukrainian military position outside Kharkiv. Civilians who were evacuated from Irpin, Ukraine, on March 24.
Ukrainian emergency services officers in Kharkiv trying to remove the body of a rocket they said had been fired by Russian forces on Friday. The metro station in Kharkiv, Ukraine, being used as a bomb shelter on March 26.
A residential building was hit by missiles in Kyiv on Friday. Yuri Yunevich’s farm and house north of Kyiv, seen on March 25, was severely damaged when a Russian Iskander missile landed nearby during the early days of the war.
Cleaning up debris after a residential building was struck by missiles in Kyiv. On March 20, Vitalii Smahluk, 20, an economics student, worked on his laptop in the underground bunker in Kyiv where he had been living since the start of the war.
The remnants of a downed aircraft in Kyiv. Residents in Kyiv cleaning up on March 19 after a missile strike a day earlier.
Social media videos and news footage from Friday depicted the scope of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the toll it was taking on its citizens. Territorial defense volunteers, including a young Californian named Tony, fourth from right in green hat, learning how to use a rocket launcher and other weapons before being deployed to fight against Russian forces near Kyiv on March 20.
People seeking safety from bombings in subway cars and in the halls of a subway station in Kharkiv. A Ukrainian army position in Mykolaiv on March 19.
Ukrainians leaving the Polish village of Medyka on a minibus after crossing the Ukraine-Poland border on Friday. The victim of an airstrike at a residential complex of Kyiv on March 18.
Ludmyla Viytovych with her daughters Sofia and Solomea at a makeshift reception center at the train station in Przemysl, Poland. Mrs. Viytovych was traveling toward Vienna, where her family lives. Some of 20 children evacuated from an orphanage in Kovel, Ukraine, playing at children’s home in Lodz, Poland, on March 19.
Refugees from Ukraine awaiting transportation upon their arrival in Medyka at the pedestrian border crossing. At a base in Kyiv, Roman, 38, and Kseniya, 39, were married by their battalion commander on March 20.
Military volunteers loading magazines with ammunition at a weapons storage facility after the Ukrainian government announced it would arm civilians to resist the Russian invasion. In Kyiv, senior citizens evacuated from Horenka take shelter at a kindergarten on March 20.
Military volunteers receiving weapons in Fastiv. A funeral in Kyiv on March 19 for a Ukrainian soldier, Serhiy Mashovets, who was killed by indirect fire in Horenka.
National Guard members in Kyiv. A survivor was pulled from the rubble on March 19 in Mykolaiv, a day after a missile strike killed at least 40 marines.
The aftermath of a strike on a military airport on Thursday in Chuguyev, near Kharkiv. A serviceman carries the photo of Capt. Andrei Paliy, a deputy commander of Russia’s Black Sea Fleet, during a farewell ceremony in Sevastopol, Crimea, on March 23.
Families boarding evacuation trains in Kramatorsk on Thursday evening, bound for Kyiv and Lviv, the largest city in western Ukraine. Russian forces hit a shopping mall on March 21 in Kyiv, in what appeared to be the most powerful explosion yet in the capital.
The remnants of a munition piercing an apartment near Kharkiv. Grieving for a civilian killed when parts of a Russian cruise missile landed on a high-rise residential building in Kyiv on March 17.
Lining up to withdraw cash in Severodonetsk. A portrait of a young woman who died during a Russian attack is pictured with flowers next to her fresh grave in the cemetery of Mykolaiv, southern Ukraine, on March 21.
Video: Families fleeing Thursday’s attack in Kyiv were stuck in traffic for miles on the capital’s longest avenue, as they tried to escape the advancement of Russian troops. Ukrainian firefighters battled a fire at a home struck during a multiple rocket attack by Russian forces, in the Nyvky district of western Kyiv, on March 23.
Ukrainian military vehicles on the side of the road outside Severodonetsk. A home destroyed in a high-rise building in Kyiv on March 17.
Covering a body after bombings in Chuguiv. Emergency workers escorting residents back into their homes after missile pieces struck their building in Kyiv on March 17.
Packing up belongings from an apartment to move farther from shelling in Kramatorsk. A steady stream of civilians, some injured, arrived in minivans and ambulances at an aid station in Kyiv after being evacuated from the besieged town of Irpin on March 17.
Praying at St. Michael’s Golden-Domed Monastery on Thursday in Kyiv. A refugee family from Ukraine waited for a minibus to arrive to take them to a reception center upon crossing the border in the small village of Palanca, in eastern Moldova, on March 22.
Russian attacks damaged radar arrays and other equipment at a Ukrainian military site outside Mariupol. A Ukrainian soldier digging in at a beachfront position in Odessa on March 16.
Waiting for trains out of the city at the main station in Kramatorsk. A residential building that was hit in the western part of Kyiv on March 15.
Dusk in Kyiv on Thursday, as Russian forces were advancing on the city. Konstantyn Yurchik examining damage to his apartment, which was hit by shelling in Kyiv on March 14.
Ukrainian soldiers carried away the bodies of two people who died after their building was hit by Russian shelling and caught on fire in western Kyiv.
The morgue in Mykolaiv on March 12. Casualties, both military and civilian, accumulated so fast it could barely keep pace, with bodies stacked side by side or on top of one another, covered in sheets or carpets, if at all.
A Russian tank attack on an apartment building in Mariupol, which has endured days of heavy bombardment, on March 11.
Ukrainian soldiers taking cover from incoming artillery fire in Irpin, on the outskirts of Kyiv, on March 13.
Destroyed Russian tanks on a main road after battles near Brovary, near Kyiv, on March 10.
A funeral in Lutsk on March 12 for two local soldiers, Vadym Hryniuk and Ivan Koshil, who were killed the previous day in an attack on a military airfield in the city.
Some of the last remaining civilians flee Irpin and Bucha after a night of numerous heavy explosions around the capital on March 12.
A Ukrainian volunteer fighter outside the civilian airport in Mykolaiv on March 10.
Boarding an evacuation train in Odessa on March 15.
A refugee family from Ukraine arrives at the train station in Zahony, a small town in eastern Hungary, on March 10.
In a nursery in a basement in Kyiv, nannies cared for 19 babies born to surrogate mothers who were trapped by the fighting on March 11.
Fleeing the war in Ukraine. A train station in Przemysl, Poland on March 14.
A fortified checkpoint and market that provides food to shelters, hospitals, civilians and up to 5,000 soldiers around northern Kyiv.
Ukrainian soldiers trying to save a mortally wounded man moments after a group of civilians was hit by a mortar in Irpin on March 6.
Russian forces hit a warehouse complex where vegetables were stored in the southern city of Mykolaiv, a strategic point in Russia’s bid to capture all of Ukraine’s Black Sea coast, on March 8.
Emergency employees and volunteers carried an injured pregnant woman from a maternity hospital damaged by Russian shelling in Mariupol, on March 9.
A Russian missile hit barracks used by airborne troops from the Ukrainian army’s 79th Brigade in Mykolaiv. Several soldiers were killed in the attack, which took off the facade of the building, leaving gray steel bunk beds visible from the front courtyard, on March 8.
Ukrainian fighters being trained in first aid in Kyiv on March 9.
Civilians being evacuated across the Irpin River into Kyiv on March 8.
Russian forces unleashed an artillery barrage on the southern Ukrainian city of Mykolaiv, hitting residential neighborhoods with rockets and sending streams of people fleeing the city on March 7.
Bodies were buried in a mass grave on Wednesday on the outskirts of Mariupol on March 9.
Anzhelika Verveyko was comforted by a friend at the funeral on March 6 for her husband, a sergeant who was killed in an artillery strike on his position north of Kyiv on Feb. 27.
People trying to escape from Irpin, near Kyiv, took shelter under a destroyed bridge on March 5.
A refugee family from Ukraine arriving at a train station in Budapest on March 5.
Vitali Slobodianiuk, right, and Volodymyr Kotsyuba, who are Ukrainian, on a train from Prague to Przemysl in Poland on March 8. They were going back to Ukraine to join the fight.
A bus riddled with machine gun fire in Kyiv on March 4.
President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine at a news conference in Kyiv on March 3. “We have a special people, an extraordinary people,” he said.
People removing personal belongings from a burning house that was shelled in Irpin, outside Kyiv, on March 4.
Ukrainian families running across train tracks to get to the next westbound train in Kyiv on March 4.
Ukrainian children riding an evacuation train through Kyiv as it traveled west toward Lviv on March 3.
The body of a Russian soldier next to an armored vehicle that Ukrainian soldiers said was Russian, in Kharkiv on Feb. 25.
A residential building was hit by missiles in Kyiv on Feb. 25.
A Ukrainian mother and her newborn in a maternity ward in the basement of a hospital in Kyiv on March 2.
Taria, 27, in a tent where she was living with her two children, and other Ukrainian families in a subway station on March 2. Many of them had been there for about a week as Russian and Ukrainian forces fought on the outskirts of Kyiv.
A projectile hit the main radio and television tower in Kyiv on March 1.
Emergency worker carrying a body out city hall in Kharkiv after it was shelled on March 1.
Russian attacks damaged radar arrays and other equipment at a Ukrainian military site outside Mariupol on Feb. 24.
Julia, a teacher and a volunteer, waiting to be deployed to fight Russian troops around Kyiv on Feb. 26.
Ukrainian security forces guarding Maidan Square in Kyiv on March 2.
People lining up at a long-distance bus station in the center of Kyiv on Feb. 24.
A Russian armored personnel carrier burning next to an unidentified soldier’s body during a fight with the Ukrainian armed forces in Kharkiv on Feb. 27.
Covering a body after bombings in Chuguiv, on Feb. 24.
Military volunteers getting weapons in Fastiv on Feb. 25.
Refugees from Ukraine in a former school in Lodyna, in Poland, on March 8.
Sunday service at St. Paraskeva Orthodox Church in Kalynivka, Ukraine, on Feb. 27.
Ilona Koval, center, the choreographer for the Ukrainian national figure skating team, fleeing Ukraine with her daughter, left, and a family friend on March 1.
Dusk in Kyiv on Feb. 24, as Russian forces were advancing on the city.