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France's Emmanuel Macron set to lose majority French elections: Macron loses majority as French vote fragments
(about 3 hours later)
President Macron has fallen well short of winning the 289 he needed to keep control of the AssemblyPresident Macron has fallen well short of winning the 289 he needed to keep control of the Assembly
Less than two months after he was re-elected president, Emmanuel Macron is on course to lose control of the French National Assembly following a strong performance by rival parties. Less than two months after he was re-elected president, Emmanuel Macron has lost control of the French National Assembly following a strong performance by a left alliance and the far right.
His centrist Ensemble coalition has won Sunday's parliamentary elections. He had called on voters to deliver a solid majority.
But he is set to lose dozens of seats and will struggle to pass reforms. But his centrist coalition lost dozens of seats in an election that has left French politics fragmented.
A newly formed alliance of left, far-left and green parties has come second, with Marine Le Pen's far-right party in third. The prime minister he had only recently appointed, Elisabeth Borne, said the situation was unprecedented.
President Macron now faces the prospect of losing some of his cabinet ministers and having to work with a fragmented National Assembly that is far less pliant. A storm hit Paris as she returned to her Matignon residence from a long meeting at the presidential Élysée palace to say that modern France had never seen a National Assembly like this one.
A storm hit Paris as the prime minister he had only recently appointed, Elisabeth Borne, returned from the presidential Élysée palace to her Matignon residence. Appearing on French TV minutes later, she said the situation was unprecedented and modern France had never seen a National Assembly like this one. "This situation represents a risk for our country, given the risks we're facing nationally and internationally," she said. "We will work as of tomorrow to build a working majority."
"This situation represents a risk for our country, given the risks we're facing nationally and internationally," she said. That seems a stretch when the two other biggest groups in the Assembly are not remotely interested in collaboration. Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire was adamant that France was not ungovernable, but said it was going to require a lot of imagination.
"We will work as of tomorrow to build a working majority."
The French prime minister said her government would draw the consequences from the resultThe French prime minister said her government would draw the consequences from the result
Far-left leader Jean-Luc Mélenchon was enjoying his success in bringing mainstream parties into his broad-based alliance. He told supporters that the presidential party had suffered a total rout and every possibility was now in their hands. Far-left leader Jean-Luc Mélenchon was enjoying his success in bringing together mainstream parties from the left with Communists and Greens into an alliance called Nupes.
Ms Le Pen was also in jubilant mood. The people had spoken, she said: Emmanuel's Macron's adventure was over and he had been consigned to a minority government. He told supporters that the presidential party had suffered a total rout and every possibility was now in their hands.
The right-wing Republicans were happy, too, because their numbers had not fallen back as far as feared. Party chairman Christian Jacob said it was a "stinging failure" for a president now paying for cynically weaponising France's extremes.
If the prime minister had been looking to the Republicans to help build a working majority, Mr Jacob's message was not immediately encouraging.
ANALYSIS: Macron chastened and weakened by poll setbackANALYSIS: Macron chastened and weakened by poll setback
Emmanuel Macron had more than 300 seats in the outgoing parliament and defeated Ms Le Pen's National Rally convincingly in the presidential election in April. To maintain his outright majority he needed 289 seats, but Sunday's projection of around 235 to 240 seats is worse than the pollsters expected. Meanwhile, Marine Le Pen and her far-right National Rally party were also in jubilant mood after turning eight seats into 89. The people had spoken, she said: Emmanuel's Macron's adventure was over and he had been consigned to a minority government.
Mr Mélenchon's Nupes alliance is set to win 157 to 163 seats, while the far-right National Rally is on course to go from eight seats to between 85 and 90, says TF1 TV. If the prime minister was looking to the right-wing Republicans to help build a working majority, their message was not immediately encouraging. Party chairman Christian Jacob said the result was a "stinging failure" for a president now paying for cynically weaponising France's extremes.
A separate projection for France Télévisions gave a more concrete result. He's not Jupiter any more, said Dominique Rousseau, professor of constitutional law, referring to an earlier nickname ridiculing Mr Macron's supposed desire for power.
"For Mr Macron these five years will be all about negotiations and parliamentary compromise," he told AFP.
It was all so different in April, when he defeated Marine Le Pen convincingly and won a second term as president. He had more than 300 seats, but to maintain his outright majority he needed 289 - and fell well short with 245.
More than half of voters abstained, with a turnout of 46.23%.
Among the ministers to lose their seats was Health Minister Brigitte Bourguignon, who lost to her far-right opponent by just 56 votes. Green Transition Minister Amélie de Montchalin was also defeated, but another key figure, Europe Minister Clément Beaune, survived despite losing in the first round.Among the ministers to lose their seats was Health Minister Brigitte Bourguignon, who lost to her far-right opponent by just 56 votes. Green Transition Minister Amélie de Montchalin was also defeated, but another key figure, Europe Minister Clément Beaune, survived despite losing in the first round.
One of Mr Macron's closest allies, the president of the Assembly Richard Ferrand, conceded victory to his Nupes rival Mélanie Thomin, wishing her success. One of Mr Macron's closest allies, the president of the Assembly Richard Ferrand, conceded victory to his Nupes rival Mélanie Thomin. Another casualty came on the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe, where a secretary of state, Justine Benin, lost her seat.
An earlier casualty for the government came on the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe, where a secretary of state, Justine Benin, lost her seat and will have to resign.
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Watch: Jean-Luc Mélenchon says Macron faces "total defeat" as he and Marine Le Pen celebrate projected gainsWatch: Jean-Luc Mélenchon says Macron faces "total defeat" as he and Marine Le Pen celebrate projected gains
In a rousing speech to his supporters, Mr Mélenchon said the result marked the moral failure of "Macronie", accusing the ruling party of enabling the far right by refusing to give clear guidance in seats where the left was running head to head with Marine Le Pen's party.In a rousing speech to his supporters, Mr Mélenchon said the result marked the moral failure of "Macronie", accusing the ruling party of enabling the far right by refusing to give clear guidance in seats where the left was running head to head with Marine Le Pen's party.
In a tacit admission that he was unlikely to achieve his ambition of prime minister, the far-left leader said he was now changing his role in battle: "But my commitment is and will remain at the front of your ranks until my final breath if you want." As he was not running for a seat, he will not feature in the National Assembly. In a tacit admission that he was unlikely to achieve his ambition of prime minister, the far-left leader said he was now changing his role in battle: "My commitment is and will remain at the front of your ranks until my final breath if you want."
But as he was not running for a seat, he will not feature in the National Assembly.
Five years ago, Emmanuel Macron harnessed a wave of optimism, bringing in a fresh cohort of MPs from civil society. The new faces this time have emerged from Nupes and the National Rally.Five years ago, Emmanuel Macron harnessed a wave of optimism, bringing in a fresh cohort of MPs from civil society. The new faces this time have emerged from Nupes and the National Rally.
Among the MPs elected for Nupes, which stands for New Ecological and Social Popular Union, is a hotel chambermaid who led her colleagues in a fight for better pay and conditions. Rachel Keke had vowed to dance in the Assembly if she succeeded in defeating a former sports minister.Among the MPs elected for Nupes, which stands for New Ecological and Social Popular Union, is a hotel chambermaid who led her colleagues in a fight for better pay and conditions. Rachel Keke had vowed to dance in the Assembly if she succeeded in defeating a former sports minister.
A voté ! 😊#legislatives2022 #circo9407 pic.twitter.com/Xcn7HYybo3A voté ! 😊#legislatives2022 #circo9407 pic.twitter.com/Xcn7HYybo3
What have they promised? Which reforms are at risk?
President Macron offered a "new method" of governing with greater involvement from civil society, proposing: President Macron has promised to tackle the cost of living crisis, but his rivals have very different ideas on how to go about it. His big-ticket proposals were reforming benefits, cutting taxes and raising the retirement age gradually from 62 to 65.
A National Council for Refoundation made up of local people to make France more democratic His pension age reform will be particularly hard to get through, although he will attract support from the Republicans.
Reforms to tackle the high cost of living and action towards full employment and carbon neutrality Then there are proposals to move towards carbon neutrality and full employment. And he recently offered a "new method" of governing with greater involvement from civil society, proposing a National Council for Refoundation made up of local people to make France more democratic.
Pension reforms and gradually raising the retirement age to 65
The left-green alliance wants:
Retirement lowered from 62 to 60
Minimum wages (known as Smic) to go up by about 15% to €1,500 a month
A freeze on the prices of basic essentials and the creation of a million jobs.