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UK Royal Family: Who is in it and how does it work? UK Royal Family: Who is in it and how does it work?
(about 1 hour later)
The Duke and Duchess of Sussex now live in CaliforniaThe Duke and Duchess of Sussex now live in California
The Duke and Duchess of Sussex are due to appear in a much-anticipated television interview with Oprah Winfrey.The Duke and Duchess of Sussex are due to appear in a much-anticipated television interview with Oprah Winfrey.
It will air in the US on Sunday and in the UK on ITV on Monday at 21:00 GMT.It will air in the US on Sunday and in the UK on ITV on Monday at 21:00 GMT.
Who are the members of the UK's Royal Family and how does it work?Who are the members of the UK's Royal Family and how does it work?
Who is in the Royal Family?Who is in the Royal Family?
Queen Elizabeth II has been the UK's head of state since 1953 and has ruled for longer than any other British monarch. She is also the head of state for 15 other Commonwealth countries. Queen Elizabeth II has been the UK's head of state since 1952, when her father King George VI died, and has ruled for longer than any other British monarch. She is also the head of state for 15 other Commonwealth countries.
The 94-year-old monarch and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh (Prince Philip), who is 99, have four children, eight grandchildren, and nine great-grandchildren.The 94-year-old monarch and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh (Prince Philip), who is 99, have four children, eight grandchildren, and nine great-grandchildren.
Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip in 1947Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip in 1947
Other members of the Royal Family include:Other members of the Royal Family include:
The Prince of Wales (Prince Charles), 72, who is married to the Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla). He is the Queen's eldest child and will become king when she diesThe Prince of Wales (Prince Charles), 72, who is married to the Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla). He is the Queen's eldest child and will become king when she dies
The Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) who is married to the Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine). William is the eldest son of the Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of WalesThe Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) who is married to the Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine). William is the eldest son of the Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales
The Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) is William's brother. He is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Meghan). Last year, they said they would step back as senior royals and now live in Los AngelesThe Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) is William's brother. He is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Meghan). Last year, they said they would step back as senior royals and now live in Los Angeles
How do you become a royal?How do you become a royal?
Only those born into the Royal Family can be in line to the throne.Only those born into the Royal Family can be in line to the throne.
However, those who marry a royal also become a member of the Royal Family.However, those who marry a royal also become a member of the Royal Family.
They are given a title when they marry. For example, Lady Diana Spencer became Princess of Wales when she married Prince Charles in 1981.They are given a title when they marry. For example, Lady Diana Spencer became Princess of Wales when she married Prince Charles in 1981.
What happens at royal weddings?What happens at royal weddings?
Royal weddings often take place at some of the oldest and grandest places, and attract huge crowds.Royal weddings often take place at some of the oldest and grandest places, and attract huge crowds.
The Queen and Prince Philip were married in 1947 at Westminster Abbey, which was founded in 960 AD and is next door to the Houses of Parliament.The Queen and Prince Philip were married in 1947 at Westminster Abbey, which was founded in 960 AD and is next door to the Houses of Parliament.
More than six decades later, in 2011, crowds lined the streets outside the Abbey to celebrate the marriage of her grandson William, to Catherine Middleton. They became the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.More than six decades later, in 2011, crowds lined the streets outside the Abbey to celebrate the marriage of her grandson William, to Catherine Middleton. They became the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge travelled in a carriage from Westminster Abbey to Buckingham PalaceThe Duke and Duchess of Cambridge travelled in a carriage from Westminster Abbey to Buckingham Palace
Other royals have exchanged vows at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, which is more than 900 years old.Other royals have exchanged vows at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, which is more than 900 years old.
The weddings there include Prince Harry's to Meghan Markle in 2018.The weddings there include Prince Harry's to Meghan Markle in 2018.
What about when there is a royal baby?What about when there is a royal baby?
A number of senior royals have been born at St Mary's Hospital in London.A number of senior royals have been born at St Mary's Hospital in London.
Princess Diana gave birth to Prince William and Prince Harry there, and the Duchess of Cambridge her three children: Prince George, seven, Princess Charlotte, five, and Prince Louis, two.Princess Diana gave birth to Prince William and Prince Harry there, and the Duchess of Cambridge her three children: Prince George, seven, Princess Charlotte, five, and Prince Louis, two.
Both women were photographed with their husbands and babies outside the hospital.Both women were photographed with their husbands and babies outside the hospital.
Prince William was born in 1982Prince William was born in 1982
The newest addition to the Royal Family is August Philip Hawke Brooksbank, son of Princess Eugenie and her husband Jack Brooksbank. He was born on 9 February 2021.The newest addition to the Royal Family is August Philip Hawke Brooksbank, son of Princess Eugenie and her husband Jack Brooksbank. He was born on 9 February 2021.
What does the Royal Family do?What does the Royal Family do?
The British government is called Her Majesty's government, but the Queen has almost no political power.The British government is called Her Majesty's government, but the Queen has almost no political power.
The Queen meets with the prime minister once a week, as a reminder of her place in government, but the prime minister doesn't seek her approval for policies.The Queen meets with the prime minister once a week, as a reminder of her place in government, but the prime minister doesn't seek her approval for policies.
The Queen and other senior royals carry out official engagements.The Queen and other senior royals carry out official engagements.
Family members also represent her in visits to other countries. For example, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge carried out an official visit to the Republic of Ireland last March.Family members also represent her in visits to other countries. For example, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge carried out an official visit to the Republic of Ireland last March.
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge met Irish President Michael D Higgins at his residence during their visit to the Republic of Ireland.The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge met Irish President Michael D Higgins at his residence during their visit to the Republic of Ireland.
Many are patrons for charities, and some have established their own - such as the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme for young people.Many are patrons for charities, and some have established their own - such as the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme for young people.
They have close ties to the armed forces. Prince William served in the Royal Air Force and Prince Harry served in the Army.They have close ties to the armed forces. Prince William served in the Royal Air Force and Prince Harry served in the Army.
Prince Harry served in AfghanistanPrince Harry served in Afghanistan
Do royals always carry out official duties?Do royals always carry out official duties?
No. Last year, Prince Harry and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, announced they would step back and work to become financially independent.No. Last year, Prince Harry and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, announced they would step back and work to become financially independent.
Buckingham Palace confirmed the couple will return their honorary military appointments and royal patronages, which will be redistributed to working members of the Royal Family.Buckingham Palace confirmed the couple will return their honorary military appointments and royal patronages, which will be redistributed to working members of the Royal Family.
The Duke of York (Prince Andrew) stepped away from royal duties in 2019.The Duke of York (Prince Andrew) stepped away from royal duties in 2019.
This was after an interview he gave to the BBC about his relationship with sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.This was after an interview he gave to the BBC about his relationship with sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.
Where do the Royal Family get their money?Where do the Royal Family get their money?
Every year, the UK government gives the Queen a single payment called the Sovereign Grant.Every year, the UK government gives the Queen a single payment called the Sovereign Grant.
This is based on 25% of the Crown Estate's revenue from two years previously. The Crown Estate is an independent commercial property business. It includes the 4,800-acre Windsor Great Park and the Ascot racecourse in Berkshire, but is mostly made up of residential and commercial property.This is based on 25% of the Crown Estate's revenue from two years previously. The Crown Estate is an independent commercial property business. It includes the 4,800-acre Windsor Great Park and the Ascot racecourse in Berkshire, but is mostly made up of residential and commercial property.
The Sovereign Grant, which is £85.9m for 2020-21, supports official royal duties and maintains occupied royal palaces.The Sovereign Grant, which is £85.9m for 2020-21, supports official royal duties and maintains occupied royal palaces.
Prince Charles receives an income from the Duchy of Cornwall, a vast portfolio of property and financial investments, which brought in £22.3m last year.Prince Charles receives an income from the Duchy of Cornwall, a vast portfolio of property and financial investments, which brought in £22.3m last year.
Where do the Royal Family live?Where do the Royal Family live?
Members of the Royal Family celebrated the Queen's official birthday at Buckingham Palace in 2019.Members of the Royal Family celebrated the Queen's official birthday at Buckingham Palace in 2019.
The Queen's official London home is Buckingham Palace.The Queen's official London home is Buckingham Palace.
She usually spends weekends and a month over Easter at Windsor Castle in Berkshire. However, she and Prince Philip have lived there throughout the pandemic.She usually spends weekends and a month over Easter at Windsor Castle in Berkshire. However, she and Prince Philip have lived there throughout the pandemic.
Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall live in Clarence House - less than half a mile from Buckingham Palace - when they are in London.Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall live in Clarence House - less than half a mile from Buckingham Palace - when they are in London.
Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, also live nearby - in Kensington Palace.Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, also live nearby - in Kensington Palace.