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UK Royal Family: Who is in it and how does it work? UK Royal Family: Who is in it and how does it work?
(1 day later)
This will be the first time since 1963 that the Queen has not delivered the Queen's Speech The Queen has cancelled a number of recent public appearances
The Queen has pulled out of this year's State Opening of Parliament and Queen's speech, on medical advice. Prince Charles represented the Queen at this year's State Opening of Parliament and Queen's speech after she withdrew on medical advice.
The 96-year-old monarch has cancelled a number of recent public appearances due to "episodic mobility problems".The 96-year-old monarch has cancelled a number of recent public appearances due to "episodic mobility problems".
It comes as celebrations are being finalised to mark the Queen's Platinum Jubilee, including a four-day Bank Holiday weekend in June.It comes as celebrations are being finalised to mark the Queen's Platinum Jubilee, including a four-day Bank Holiday weekend in June.
Prince Charles to deliver Queen's speechPrince Charles to deliver Queen's speech
What is the Queen's Speech and why is it important?What is the Queen's Speech and why is it important?
Who is in the Royal Family?Who is in the Royal Family?
Queen Elizabeth II has been the UK's head of state since 1952 when her father King George VI died. She is also the head of state for 15 other Commonwealth countries.Queen Elizabeth II has been the UK's head of state since 1952 when her father King George VI died. She is also the head of state for 15 other Commonwealth countries.
The Queen was married to her late husband, Prince Philip, who died in April 2021, for more than 73 years.The Queen was married to her late husband, Prince Philip, who died in April 2021, for more than 73 years.
She has four children, eight grandchildren, and 12 great-grandchildren.She has four children, eight grandchildren, and 12 great-grandchildren.
In February, the Queen became the longest-serving British monarch, and the first to reach 70 years on the throne.In February, the Queen became the longest-serving British monarch, and the first to reach 70 years on the throne.
Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip in 1947Princess Elizabeth married Prince Philip in 1947
Other members of the Royal Family include:Other members of the Royal Family include:
The Prince of Wales (Prince Charles), who is married to the Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla) - he is the Queen's eldest child and will become king when she diesThe Prince of Wales (Prince Charles), who is married to the Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla) - he is the Queen's eldest child and will become king when she dies
The Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) who is married to the Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine) - William is the eldest son of the Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of WalesThe Duke of Cambridge (Prince William) who is married to the Duchess of Cambridge (Catherine) - William is the eldest son of the Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales
The Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) is William's brother - he is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Meghan); in 2020, they announced they were stepping back as senior royalsThe Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) is William's brother - he is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Meghan); in 2020, they announced they were stepping back as senior royals
What celebrations are taking place to mark the Queen's Jubilee?What celebrations are taking place to mark the Queen's Jubilee?
There are lots of events planned across the UK and the Commonwealth, including a special four-day Jubilee bank holiday weekend.There are lots of events planned across the UK and the Commonwealth, including a special four-day Jubilee bank holiday weekend.
The Spring Bank Holiday - usually held on the last Monday of May - has been moved to Thursday 2 June, and will be followed by an extra bank holiday on Friday 3 June.The Spring Bank Holiday - usually held on the last Monday of May - has been moved to Thursday 2 June, and will be followed by an extra bank holiday on Friday 3 June.
The Queen plans to attend a special Trooping the Colour ceremony on the Thursday, and a Service of Thanksgiving at St Paul's Cathedral on Friday, although this will be confirmed nearer the time.The Queen plans to attend a special Trooping the Colour ceremony on the Thursday, and a Service of Thanksgiving at St Paul's Cathedral on Friday, although this will be confirmed nearer the time.
On Saturday, members of the Royal Family will attend the Derby horse racing event at Epsom and the Platinum Party at the Palace, a live concert in front of Buckingham Palace.On Saturday, members of the Royal Family will attend the Derby horse racing event at Epsom and the Platinum Party at the Palace, a live concert in front of Buckingham Palace.
On Sunday, the Platinum Jubilee Pageant will tell the story of the Queen's reign, featuring military personnel, dancers, and puppets of corgis before finishing in front of Buckingham Palace.On Sunday, the Platinum Jubilee Pageant will tell the story of the Queen's reign, featuring military personnel, dancers, and puppets of corgis before finishing in front of Buckingham Palace.
William and Catherine will visit Wales as part of the celebrationsWilliam and Catherine will visit Wales as part of the celebrations
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and other senior royals will tour the UK over the weekend.The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and other senior royals will tour the UK over the weekend.
Pubs, bars and nightclubs will also be able to stay open until 01:00 BST between 2 and 4 June.Pubs, bars and nightclubs will also be able to stay open until 01:00 BST between 2 and 4 June.
Search for events in your areaSearch for events in your area
Platinum Jubilee: Queen's life in picturesPlatinum Jubilee: Queen's life in pictures
Photo map of Queen's visits released to mark jubileePhoto map of Queen's visits released to mark jubilee
What is a monarchy and how does succession work?What is a monarchy and how does succession work?
In a monarchy, a king or queen (the monarch) is the head of state. In the UK, we have a constitutional monarchy - the Queen is head of state, but does not get involved in politics, and laws are made by the Houses of Parliament.In a monarchy, a king or queen (the monarch) is the head of state. In the UK, we have a constitutional monarchy - the Queen is head of state, but does not get involved in politics, and laws are made by the Houses of Parliament.
The order of succession is the line in which members of the Royal Family stand to take over as the monarch when the existing one dies or abdicates (steps down from the throne).The order of succession is the line in which members of the Royal Family stand to take over as the monarch when the existing one dies or abdicates (steps down from the throne).
Members of the Royal Family celebrated the Queen's official birthday at Buckingham Palace in 2019.Members of the Royal Family celebrated the Queen's official birthday at Buckingham Palace in 2019.
First in the line - the heir to the throne - is the monarch's first-born child.First in the line - the heir to the throne - is the monarch's first-born child.
Royal succession is governed by rules dating back hundreds of years. These were amended in 2013 so that royal sons no longer take precedence over their older sisters in the order.Royal succession is governed by rules dating back hundreds of years. These were amended in 2013 so that royal sons no longer take precedence over their older sisters in the order.
Prince Charles is first in line to the throne. His eldest son, Prince William, is second in line, and William's eldest child, Prince George, is third.Prince Charles is first in line to the throne. His eldest son, Prince William, is second in line, and William's eldest child, Prince George, is third.
As the Queen's heir, Prince Charles, would act as "regent" if his mother was not able to rule due to ill-health. This means he would take on the role of the monarch, without officially taking the position.As the Queen's heir, Prince Charles, would act as "regent" if his mother was not able to rule due to ill-health. This means he would take on the role of the monarch, without officially taking the position.
Royal Family tree and line of successionRoyal Family tree and line of succession
Why is Meghan and Harry's son Archie not a prince?Why is Meghan and Harry's son Archie not a prince?
What happens at a coronation?What happens at a coronation?
If a monarch dies, the heir to the throne immediately becomes king or queen.If a monarch dies, the heir to the throne immediately becomes king or queen.
The coronation, a glittering ceremony at which the monarch is formally crowned, takes place later, after a period of mourning for the previous king or queen.The coronation, a glittering ceremony at which the monarch is formally crowned, takes place later, after a period of mourning for the previous king or queen.
The main elements of the occasion have remained largely unchanged for hundreds of years.The main elements of the occasion have remained largely unchanged for hundreds of years.
More than 20 million people watched the Queen's coronation on television on 2 June 1953.More than 20 million people watched the Queen's coronation on television on 2 June 1953.
The coronation is performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The monarch is anointed with holy oil, receives the orb and sceptre - which are symbols of royalty - and is crowned with the St Edward's Crown, the centrepiece of the Crown Jewels.The coronation is performed by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The monarch is anointed with holy oil, receives the orb and sceptre - which are symbols of royalty - and is crowned with the St Edward's Crown, the centrepiece of the Crown Jewels.
What powers does the Queen have?What powers does the Queen have?
Although the United Kingdom is a monarchy, the Queen's power is strictly symbolic and ceremonial, and she is expected to remain politically neutral.Although the United Kingdom is a monarchy, the Queen's power is strictly symbolic and ceremonial, and she is expected to remain politically neutral.
Among the powers she has are:Among the powers she has are:
Appointing a government - the leader of the winning party in a general election is invited to Buckingham Palace, where the Queen formally invites him or her to form a new government (she will also formally dissolve a government before a general election)Appointing a government - the leader of the winning party in a general election is invited to Buckingham Palace, where the Queen formally invites him or her to form a new government (she will also formally dissolve a government before a general election)
State opening and the Queen's Speech - the Queen starts the Parliamentary year with the State Opening Ceremony, during which she will read out the government's policy ideas and plans, in a speech delivered from the throne in the House of LordsState opening and the Queen's Speech - the Queen starts the Parliamentary year with the State Opening Ceremony, during which she will read out the government's policy ideas and plans, in a speech delivered from the throne in the House of Lords
Royal Assent - when a piece of legislation is passed through Parliament, it must be formally agreed to by the Queen in order to become law (the last time Royal Assent was refused was in 1708)Royal Assent - when a piece of legislation is passed through Parliament, it must be formally agreed to by the Queen in order to become law (the last time Royal Assent was refused was in 1708)
What else does the royal family do?What else does the royal family do?
The Queen and other senior royals carry out official engagements.The Queen and other senior royals carry out official engagements.
Family members also represent her in visits to other countries.Family members also represent her in visits to other countries.
Many are patrons for charities, and some have established their own - such as the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme for young people, founded by Prince Philip.Many are patrons for charities, and some have established their own - such as the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme for young people, founded by Prince Philip.
They have close ties to the armed forces. Prince William served in the Royal Air Force and Prince Harry served in the Army.They have close ties to the armed forces. Prince William served in the Royal Air Force and Prince Harry served in the Army.
Prince Harry served in AfghanistanPrince Harry served in Afghanistan
Where does the Royal Family get its money?Where does the Royal Family get its money?
Every year, the UK government gives the Queen a single payment called the Sovereign Grant, which supports official royal duties and maintains occupied royal palaces.Every year, the UK government gives the Queen a single payment called the Sovereign Grant, which supports official royal duties and maintains occupied royal palaces.
The grant is based on 25% of the Crown Estate's revenue from two years previously.The grant is based on 25% of the Crown Estate's revenue from two years previously.
The Crown Estate is an independent commercial property business. It includes the 4,800-acre Windsor Great Park and the Ascot racecourse in Berkshire as well as residential and commercial property.The Crown Estate is an independent commercial property business. It includes the 4,800-acre Windsor Great Park and the Ascot racecourse in Berkshire as well as residential and commercial property.
The grant is worth £86.3m for 2021-22.The grant is worth £86.3m for 2021-22.
The Queen also receives an income from the Duchy of Lancaster, which includes a large collection of private land and properties in England and Wales, as well as some financial investments. In the year ending March 2021, the Duchy of Lancaster made a profit of just over £22m.The Queen also receives an income from the Duchy of Lancaster, which includes a large collection of private land and properties in England and Wales, as well as some financial investments. In the year ending March 2021, the Duchy of Lancaster made a profit of just over £22m.
Prince Charles receives an income from the Duchy of Cornwall, a separate portfolio of property and investments which brought in £20.4m in the most recent year for which accounts are available.Prince Charles receives an income from the Duchy of Cornwall, a separate portfolio of property and investments which brought in £20.4m in the most recent year for which accounts are available.
His younger brother Prince Andrew stepped down as a "working Royal" in 2019 after a controversial Newsnight interview about allegations that he sexually assaulted Virginia Giuffre.His younger brother Prince Andrew stepped down as a "working Royal" in 2019 after a controversial Newsnight interview about allegations that he sexually assaulted Virginia Giuffre.
This means he is no longer paid for carrying out official Royal duties. He receives a Royal Navy pension and a stipend from the Queen's Duchy of Lancaster income.This means he is no longer paid for carrying out official Royal duties. He receives a Royal Navy pension and a stipend from the Queen's Duchy of Lancaster income.
In February he paid an undisclosed sum to settle the civil sexual assault case brought against him in the US by Ms Giuffre.In February he paid an undisclosed sum to settle the civil sexual assault case brought against him in the US by Ms Giuffre.
Prince Harry is also no longer paid as a working Royal, having stepped back from official duties in 2020, although he did initially receive some money from his father, Prince Charles.Prince Harry is also no longer paid as a working Royal, having stepped back from official duties in 2020, although he did initially receive some money from his father, Prince Charles.
Where does the Queen get her money?Where does the Queen get her money?
Where does Prince Andrew get his money?Where does Prince Andrew get his money?
Where do Harry and Meghan get their money?Where do Harry and Meghan get their money?
How do you become a royal?How do you become a royal?
Someone who marries a royal becomes a member of the Royal Family, and they are given a title when they marry.Someone who marries a royal becomes a member of the Royal Family, and they are given a title when they marry.
For example, Lady Diana Spencer became Princess of Wales when she married Prince Charles in 1981.For example, Lady Diana Spencer became Princess of Wales when she married Prince Charles in 1981.
However, to become the monarch, you must have been born into the Royal Family.However, to become the monarch, you must have been born into the Royal Family.
Where do members of the Royal Family live?Where do members of the Royal Family live?
Members of the Royal Family celebrated the Queen's official birthday at Buckingham Palace in 2019.Members of the Royal Family celebrated the Queen's official birthday at Buckingham Palace in 2019.
The Queen's official London home is Buckingham Palace.The Queen's official London home is Buckingham Palace.
However, in March this year, it was reported that she was now making Windsor Castle in Berkshire her permanent residence. She lived there throughout the pandemic.However, in March this year, it was reported that she was now making Windsor Castle in Berkshire her permanent residence. She lived there throughout the pandemic.
Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall live in Clarence House - less than half a mile from Buckingham Palace - when they are in London.Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall live in Clarence House - less than half a mile from Buckingham Palace - when they are in London.
Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, also live nearby - in Kensington Palace. Prince Harry and Meghan live in California.Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, also live nearby - in Kensington Palace. Prince Harry and Meghan live in California.