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Covid vaccine: How many people in the UK have been vaccinated so far? Covid vaccine: How many people in the UK have been vaccinated so far?
(4 days later)
More than 48 million people in the UK have received at least one dose of a coronavirus vaccine - part of the biggest inoculation programme the country has ever launched.More than 48 million people in the UK have received at least one dose of a coronavirus vaccine - part of the biggest inoculation programme the country has ever launched.
With almost nine in 10 of those aged 16 or over having had a single jab, the country is now turning its attention to an autumn booster campaign and the possible vaccination of younger children. With almost nine in 10 of those aged 16 or over having had a single jab, the country is now turning its attention to an autumn booster campaign and the vaccination of younger children.
Who can get a vaccine now?Who can get a vaccine now?
All those aged 16 and over can now get a Covid vaccine, as well as children with underlying health conditions who are aged 12 and above.All those aged 16 and over can now get a Covid vaccine, as well as children with underlying health conditions who are aged 12 and above.
Those of the same age who live with people who have a suppressed immune system can also be vaccinated, to protect family members.Those of the same age who live with people who have a suppressed immune system can also be vaccinated, to protect family members.
The UK's vaccine advisory body has decided not to recommend vaccines for healthy 12-15-year-olds, but ministers are seeking more advice on doing so based on other factors, such as school disruption. The UK's chief medical officers have also recommended healthy children aged 12 to 15 should be offered one dose of a Covid vaccine to help reduce disruption to education.
It comes after the government's vaccine committee said there was not enough benefit to warrant it on health grounds alone. Ministers must now decide whether to accept the recommendation.
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The vaccine rollout, launched in winter 2020, began with those considered most vulnerable - all those over the age of 50, plus those in high-risk categories.The vaccine rollout, launched in winter 2020, began with those considered most vulnerable - all those over the age of 50, plus those in high-risk categories.
It later moved down the age groups, now reaching those aged 16 and 17. It later moved down the age groups.
The government is now considering an autumn booster campaign, but the UK vaccine advisory body has not yet decided if the extra jabs are needed, and who should be eligible.The government is now considering an autumn booster campaign, but the UK vaccine advisory body has not yet decided if the extra jabs are needed, and who should be eligible.
If required, boosters are likely to be given first to frontline health and care staff, care home residents and the over-70s.If required, boosters are likely to be given first to frontline health and care staff, care home residents and the over-70s.
So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen; three of which require two doses for maximum protection.So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen; three of which require two doses for maximum protection.
The vaccine currently being used for under-18s in the UK is Pfizer-BioNTech, but the Moderna vaccine has also been authorised for use in children.The vaccine currently being used for under-18s in the UK is Pfizer-BioNTech, but the Moderna vaccine has also been authorised for use in children.
There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.
Al those aged under 40 are being offered an alternative to the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine due to evidence linking it to rare blood clots.Al those aged under 40 are being offered an alternative to the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine due to evidence linking it to rare blood clots.
How is the rollout going?How is the rollout going?
So far, more than 48 million people have had a first vaccine dose - 89% of over-16s - and more than 43 million - 80% of over-16s - have had both doses.So far, more than 48 million people have had a first vaccine dose - 89% of over-16s - and more than 43 million - 80% of over-16s - have had both doses.
The number of first doses administered each day is now averaging about 30,000 - far below a peak of some 500,000 in mid-March. The number of first doses administered each day is now averaging about 25,000 - far below a peak of some 500,000 in mid-March.
An average of about 98,000 second doses are now being given a day. An average of about 87,000 second doses are now being given a day.
Progress made in the UK so far means the country continues to be among those with the highest vaccination rates globally - but it has slipped out of the top 10 countries with a population of at least one million.Progress made in the UK so far means the country continues to be among those with the highest vaccination rates globally - but it has slipped out of the top 10 countries with a population of at least one million.
The UK's early success with its campaign waned as it got to harder-to-reach groups. The UK's early success with its campaign waned as it got to harder-to-reach groups. It is now around 15th globally.
Vaccination rates are now rising only very slowly or levelling off in every age group in the UK apart from 16 and 17-year-olds.Vaccination rates are now rising only very slowly or levelling off in every age group in the UK apart from 16 and 17-year-olds.
The highest rates of vaccination can be seen in the oldest age groups - among the first to be vaccinated.The highest rates of vaccination can be seen in the oldest age groups - among the first to be vaccinated.
The aim of the vaccination programme is to protect as many people as possible from serious illness through developing the UK population's immunity against Covid-19.The aim of the vaccination programme is to protect as many people as possible from serious illness through developing the UK population's immunity against Covid-19.
Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) suggests more than nine in 10 adults in the UK now have coronavirus antibodies - which is evidence of a past Covid infection or having received at least one dose of a vaccine.Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) suggests more than nine in 10 adults in the UK now have coronavirus antibodies - which is evidence of a past Covid infection or having received at least one dose of a vaccine.
Roughly 94% of adults tested by the ONS during the week ending 15 August had Covid antibodies - the same as was reported a fortnight before.Roughly 94% of adults tested by the ONS during the week ending 15 August had Covid antibodies - the same as was reported a fortnight before.
However, this figure does not tell us how many people are protected from infection or how close we are to reaching herd immunity - the point at which everyone is protected, directly or indirectly, as a result of high immunity levels in the population.However, this figure does not tell us how many people are protected from infection or how close we are to reaching herd immunity - the point at which everyone is protected, directly or indirectly, as a result of high immunity levels in the population.
Public Health England estimates that, up to 22 August, the UK vaccination programme has prevented 143,600 hospitalisations in those aged 65 years and over in England.Public Health England estimates that, up to 22 August, the UK vaccination programme has prevented 143,600 hospitalisations in those aged 65 years and over in England.
Will a vaccine give us our old lives back?Will a vaccine give us our old lives back?
Covid vaccine: When will you be eligible?Covid vaccine: When will you be eligible?
Is Covid at risk of becoming a disease of the poor?Is Covid at risk of becoming a disease of the poor?
Has the rollout been even across all areas?Has the rollout been even across all areas?
Across the country, there continues to be some variation in the vaccine programme.Across the country, there continues to be some variation in the vaccine programme.
Scotland and Wales have vaccinated 91% of those aged 16 and over with at least one dose, while England has reached 89% and Northern Ireland 86%.Scotland and Wales have vaccinated 91% of those aged 16 and over with at least one dose, while England has reached 89% and Northern Ireland 86%.
Second doses are also being rolled out, with all nations reaching about 80% of over-16s so far.Second doses are also being rolled out, with all nations reaching about 80% of over-16s so far.
Across the English regions, the South West has vaccinated 85% of the same age group with at least one dose, while London has reached 67%.Across the English regions, the South West has vaccinated 85% of the same age group with at least one dose, while London has reached 67%.
There have also been disparities between ethnic groups and poorer and wealthier areas.There have also been disparities between ethnic groups and poorer and wealthier areas.
Analysis of NHS records by the OpenSAFELY group - a collaboration between Oxford University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - shows that black people were the least likely to have received a vaccine.Analysis of NHS records by the OpenSAFELY group - a collaboration between Oxford University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - shows that black people were the least likely to have received a vaccine.
The study was based on more than 20 million patient records in England and covers people not living in care homes. Areas of London are under-represented in the data.The study was based on more than 20 million patient records in England and covers people not living in care homes. Areas of London are under-represented in the data.
In addition, vaccine take-up in poorer areas is lower than in more affluent areas.In addition, vaccine take-up in poorer areas is lower than in more affluent areas.
For example, 88% of those aged 50 and over in the poorest areas had been given a vaccine by 1 September, compared with 95% in the most affluent.For example, 88% of those aged 50 and over in the poorest areas had been given a vaccine by 1 September, compared with 95% in the most affluent.
Where are the vaccines coming from?Where are the vaccines coming from?
The Pfizer-BioNTech jab - the first to be given the green light last December - is being imported from Puurs, Belgium.The Pfizer-BioNTech jab - the first to be given the green light last December - is being imported from Puurs, Belgium.
A second vaccine, from Oxford University and AstraZeneca, is being made at a number of sites in Britain. Further doses are expected to come from the Serum Institute of India and the Halix plant in the Dutch city of Leiden.A second vaccine, from Oxford University and AstraZeneca, is being made at a number of sites in Britain. Further doses are expected to come from the Serum Institute of India and the Halix plant in the Dutch city of Leiden.
The third, from Moderna, is coming from sites in Switzerland and Spain, via Belgium, while the Janssen vaccine, due to arrive later this year, is produced in the Netherlands by the Belgian firm, owned by Johnson & Johnson.The third, from Moderna, is coming from sites in Switzerland and Spain, via Belgium, while the Janssen vaccine, due to arrive later this year, is produced in the Netherlands by the Belgian firm, owned by Johnson & Johnson.
The UK is also lined up to receive at least two further vaccines if they are approved for use.The UK is also lined up to receive at least two further vaccines if they are approved for use.
A jab manufactured by US firm Novavax will be made in Stockton-on-Tees in north-east England, while another by French company Valneva will be made in Livingston, West Lothian, Scotland.A jab manufactured by US firm Novavax will be made in Stockton-on-Tees in north-east England, while another by French company Valneva will be made in Livingston, West Lothian, Scotland.
Is there enough vaccine?Is there enough vaccine?
The UK has ordered more than 540 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines, including the four so far approved for use. The UK had ordered more than 540 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines, including the four so far approved for use. But the French vaccine maker Valneva says the UK government has scrapped a deal for 100m doses of its vaccine, which is yet to be approved.
An extra 35 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine were ordered in August, on top of another 60 million ordered earlier in the year, as part of the government's plans for a vaccination booster programme.An extra 35 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine were ordered in August, on top of another 60 million ordered earlier in the year, as part of the government's plans for a vaccination booster programme.
But it has amended its original order of the Janssen single-dose vaccine from 30 million to 20 million doses, given the "unprecedented scale and pace" of the vaccination programme.But it has amended its original order of the Janssen single-dose vaccine from 30 million to 20 million doses, given the "unprecedented scale and pace" of the vaccination programme.
Ministers have also announced an eighth deal with biopharmaceutical company CureVac to develop vaccines against future variants.Ministers have also announced an eighth deal with biopharmaceutical company CureVac to develop vaccines against future variants.
It has placed an initial order for 50 million doses to be delivered later this year - if they are required.It has placed an initial order for 50 million doses to be delivered later this year - if they are required.
LOOK-UP TOOL: How many cases in your area?LOOK-UP TOOL: How many cases in your area?
YOUR QUESTIONS: We answer your queriesYOUR QUESTIONS: We answer your queries
GLOBAL SPREAD: How many worldwide cases are there?GLOBAL SPREAD: How many worldwide cases are there?
THE R NUMBER: What it means and why it mattersTHE R NUMBER: What it means and why it matters
TEST AND TRACE: How does it work?TEST AND TRACE: How does it work?
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