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Covid vaccine: How many people are vaccinated in the UK? Covid vaccine: How many people are vaccinated in the UK?
(6 days later)
The UK has ramped up its Covid vaccine booster campaign - part of an attempt to reduce the impact of the new Omicron variant, currently spreading rapidly across the world.The UK has ramped up its Covid vaccine booster campaign - part of an attempt to reduce the impact of the new Omicron variant, currently spreading rapidly across the world.
With nine in 10 of those aged 12 or over in the UK having had a single jab and eight in 10 having had a second, the country has shifted its focus to boosters, which have been shown to offer significant protection from hospitalisation.With nine in 10 of those aged 12 or over in the UK having had a single jab and eight in 10 having had a second, the country has shifted its focus to boosters, which have been shown to offer significant protection from hospitalisation.
Although more than 36 million boosters, or third doses, have been given so far, the government is urging more people to come forward to help the country "ride out" the Omicron wave without the need for further restrictions. Although more than 36 million boosters, or third doses, have been given so far, the government is urging more people to come forward to help the country "ride out" the Omicron wave.
Who can get a vaccine or a booster?Who can get a vaccine or a booster?
The vaccine rollout was launched in winter 2020 and began with those considered most vulnerable before later moving down the adult age groups. All those aged 12 and over are eligible for two doses.The vaccine rollout was launched in winter 2020 and began with those considered most vulnerable before later moving down the adult age groups. All those aged 12 and over are eligible for two doses.
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A booster campaign, originally targeted at people over 40 or belonging to a number of other vulnerable groups, has been extended to all over-18s.A booster campaign, originally targeted at people over 40 or belonging to a number of other vulnerable groups, has been extended to all over-18s.
The minimum gap between the second jab and booster dose has also been reduced from six to three months, to speed up the booster rollout process.The minimum gap between the second jab and booster dose has also been reduced from six to three months, to speed up the booster rollout process.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson has called on all adults to come forward to get a third dose, saying "people were dying needlessly because they haven't had their jabs". At the start of January, almost nine million eligible people hadn't had their booster and around 60% of patients in intensive care with Covid had not had any vaccination at all, he said. The government has announced all current "Plan B" restrictions will be eased in England from 27 January, putting the reason for the move down to the success of the booster programme. First ministers in Scotland and Wales have also announced the easing of measures, but people in all nations will still have to isolate after testing positive.
Ministers are urging anyone who has not had a third, top-up jab to come forward.
The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation, which advises on vaccine policy, says a fourth Covid jab is not yet needed because data shows, three months after a booster shot, people aged 65 and over still have about 90% protection against hospitalisation.The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation, which advises on vaccine policy, says a fourth Covid jab is not yet needed because data shows, three months after a booster shot, people aged 65 and over still have about 90% protection against hospitalisation.
So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen; three of which require two doses for maximum protection.So far, the UK has approved four vaccines for use: Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and Janssen; three of which require two doses for maximum protection.
Those receiving boosters will get one dose of Pfizer or half a dose of Moderna.Those receiving boosters will get one dose of Pfizer or half a dose of Moderna.
There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.There is no vaccine currently approved for use in the under-12s.
How is the vaccine and booster rollout going?How is the vaccine and booster rollout going?
So far, almost 52 million people have had a first vaccine dose - some 90% of over-12s. Almost 48 million - 83% of over-12s - have had both doses. So far, more than 52 million people have had a first vaccine dose - some 90% of over-12s. More than 48 million - 84% of over-12s - have had both doses.
While uptake of first and second doses dropped off, there had been a steep rise in people having boosters - however, booster numbers dipped over the Christmas holiday period and remain low.While uptake of first and second doses dropped off, there had been a steep rise in people having boosters - however, booster numbers dipped over the Christmas holiday period and remain low.
More than 36 million booster doses have been administered across the UK so far.More than 36 million booster doses have been administered across the UK so far.
Overall vaccination rates have now levelled off in every age group in England apart from the youngest bands, and have also begun to level off for boosters among the oldest groups.Overall vaccination rates have now levelled off in every age group in England apart from the youngest bands, and have also begun to level off for boosters among the oldest groups.
The aim of the vaccination programme is to protect as many people as possible from serious illness through developing the UK population's immunity against Covid-19.The aim of the vaccination programme is to protect as many people as possible from serious illness through developing the UK population's immunity against Covid-19.
Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) suggests more than nine in 10 adults in the UK now have coronavirus antibodies - which is evidence of a past Covid infection or having received at least one dose of a vaccine.Data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) suggests more than nine in 10 adults in the UK now have coronavirus antibodies - which is evidence of a past Covid infection or having received at least one dose of a vaccine.
However, this figure does not tell us how many people are protected from infection or how close we are to reaching herd immunity - the point at which everyone is protected, directly or indirectly, as a result of high immunity levels in the population.However, this figure does not tell us how many people are protected from infection or how close we are to reaching herd immunity - the point at which everyone is protected, directly or indirectly, as a result of high immunity levels in the population.
Will a vaccine give us our old lives back?Will a vaccine give us our old lives back?
Covid vaccine: When will you be eligible?Covid vaccine: When will you be eligible?
Is Covid at risk of becoming a disease of the poor?Is Covid at risk of becoming a disease of the poor?
Has the rollout been even across all areas?Has the rollout been even across all areas?
Across the country, there continues to be some variation in the vaccine programme.Across the country, there continues to be some variation in the vaccine programme.
Scotland has vaccinated 92% of those aged 12 and over with at least one dose, while Wales has reached 91%, England 90% and Northern Ireland 88%. Scotland has vaccinated 92% of those aged 12 and over with at least one dose, while Wales and England have reached 91% and Northern Ireland 88%.
Second doses are also being rolled out, with all nations reaching more than 80% of over-12s so far.Second doses are also being rolled out, with all nations reaching more than 80% of over-12s so far.
Across the English regions, the South West has vaccinated 86% of the same age group with at least one dose, while London has reached 69%.Across the English regions, the South West has vaccinated 86% of the same age group with at least one dose, while London has reached 69%.
When looking at boosters, the South West has reached 65% of people aged 12 and over, while for London the figure is 42%. When looking at boosters, the South West has reached 66% of people aged 12 and over, while for London the figure is 43%.
Among the nations, Scotland leads the way, with about 82% of those who were double jabbed by mid October receiving a booster as of 14 January.
England isn't far behind, with 80% coverage. Meanwhile, Northern Ireland has about 74% booster uptake.
Data for Wales is slightly behind other nations, but as of 9 January, coverage is at 78%.
The figures (see *note below) may differ from those for booster uptake in the population, which include some people not yet eligible for a booster jab.
There have also been disparities between ethnic groups and poorer and wealthier areas.There have also been disparities between ethnic groups and poorer and wealthier areas.
Analysis of NHS records by the OpenSAFELY group - a collaboration between Oxford University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - shows that black people were the least likely to have received a booster vaccine.Analysis of NHS records by the OpenSAFELY group - a collaboration between Oxford University and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - shows that black people were the least likely to have received a booster vaccine.
The study was based on more than 20 million patient records in England and covers people not living in care homes. Areas of London are under-represented in the data.The study was based on more than 20 million patient records in England and covers people not living in care homes. Areas of London are under-represented in the data.
In addition, booster take-up in poorer areas is lower than in more affluent areas.In addition, booster take-up in poorer areas is lower than in more affluent areas.
Is there enough vaccine?Is there enough vaccine?
Currently, the Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and one-shot Janssen vaccines are approved for use throughout the UK.Currently, the Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna and one-shot Janssen vaccines are approved for use throughout the UK.
Others, such as those produced by Novavax and Valneva, have not yet been given the green light.Others, such as those produced by Novavax and Valneva, have not yet been given the green light.
The UK had ordered more than 540 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines, including the four so far approved for use.The UK had ordered more than 540 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines, including the four so far approved for use.
In addition, the government has now signed deals to buy 114 million more doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to use in 2022 and 2023.In addition, the government has now signed deals to buy 114 million more doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines to use in 2022 and 2023.
French vaccine maker Valneva said the UK government had scrapped a deal for 100m doses of its vaccine, which is yet to be approved.French vaccine maker Valneva said the UK government had scrapped a deal for 100m doses of its vaccine, which is yet to be approved.
*Note on map data: Booster analysis must be viewed with caution as towns and cities tend to have younger populations who have had access to second jabs and boosters for a shorter amount of time. This means these areas may have a lower percentage uptake for logistical reasons compared with parts of the country with older populations.
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