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Covid vaccine: How many people in the UK have been vaccinated so far? Covid vaccine: How many people in the UK have been vaccinated so far?
(3 days later)
The UK has launched its biggest ever vaccination programme, aimed at protecting tens of millions of people from Covid-19 within months.The UK has launched its biggest ever vaccination programme, aimed at protecting tens of millions of people from Covid-19 within months.
In a race against a faster-spreading variant of coronavirus, ministers have pinned their hopes of ending a third national lockdown on protecting the most vulnerable groups by spring.In a race against a faster-spreading variant of coronavirus, ministers have pinned their hopes of ending a third national lockdown on protecting the most vulnerable groups by spring.
But there are huge challenges, not least the unprecedented scale and supply demands but also the need for rigorous safety checks and deep-freeze storage as well as establishing enough vaccination centres and recruiting enough vaccinators.But there are huge challenges, not least the unprecedented scale and supply demands but also the need for rigorous safety checks and deep-freeze storage as well as establishing enough vaccination centres and recruiting enough vaccinators.
How is the rollout going?How is the rollout going?
The government aims to offer vaccines to 15 million people - those aged 70 and over, healthcare workers and people required to shield - by mid-February and millions more people aged 50 and over and other priority groups by spring.The government aims to offer vaccines to 15 million people - those aged 70 and over, healthcare workers and people required to shield - by mid-February and millions more people aged 50 and over and other priority groups by spring.
They are thought to represent 90-99% of those at risk of dying from Covid-19.They are thought to represent 90-99% of those at risk of dying from Covid-19.
In order to hit the mid-February target, the UK's National Health Service (NHS) needs to administer about 380,000 vaccine doses each day.In order to hit the mid-February target, the UK's National Health Service (NHS) needs to administer about 380,000 vaccine doses each day.
The current seven-day average achieved just over 353,000, so the first phase of the programme is almost on track. However the number of daily jabs administered this week has dropped compared with last. The current seven-day average achieved just over 389,000, so the first phase of the programme is on track.
The campaign to reach as many people as possible as quickly as possible was boosted by a shift in policy in early January - to prioritise the first dose of either vaccine, with a second dose up to 12 weeks later, a bigger gap than originally planned.The campaign to reach as many people as possible as quickly as possible was boosted by a shift in policy in early January - to prioritise the first dose of either vaccine, with a second dose up to 12 weeks later, a bigger gap than originally planned.
Overall, more than 7.8 million people have now received a first dose of a vaccine, and more than 470,000 people have had a second. Overall, more than 9.2 million people have now received a first dose of a vaccine, and more than 490,000 people have had a second.
This progress means the UK continues to be among the countries with the highest vaccination rates globally.This progress means the UK continues to be among the countries with the highest vaccination rates globally.
But within the UK, there is some regional variation - especially between the nations.But within the UK, there is some regional variation - especially between the nations.
Within England, the gap between the top and bottom areas has narrowed in the last week.Within England, the gap between the top and bottom areas has narrowed in the last week.
Suffolk and North East Essex - an area where only 36% of those 80 and over had been vaccinated - has almost doubled the number to 71%.Suffolk and North East Essex - an area where only 36% of those 80 and over had been vaccinated - has almost doubled the number to 71%.
Gloucestershire has the highest proportion of those 80 and over to receive a vaccine - at 91%. The lowest four areas are all in London where overall 65% of those 80 and over have had the jab.Gloucestershire has the highest proportion of those 80 and over to receive a vaccine - at 91%. The lowest four areas are all in London where overall 65% of those 80 and over have had the jab.
The speedy rollout of the vaccine to all vulnerable people is seen as critical to reducing the pandemic's death toll and relieving pressure on the NHS.The speedy rollout of the vaccine to all vulnerable people is seen as critical to reducing the pandemic's death toll and relieving pressure on the NHS.
The health secretary has told MPs that supply of the vaccine must be fairly distributed across the country, with everyone in the top four priority groups receiving an offer of a vaccine by 15 February.The health secretary has told MPs that supply of the vaccine must be fairly distributed across the country, with everyone in the top four priority groups receiving an offer of a vaccine by 15 February.
After the first four priority groups receive their jabs, the programme will move onto people aged 50 and over and those with underlying health conditions.After the first four priority groups receive their jabs, the programme will move onto people aged 50 and over and those with underlying health conditions.
By autumn, the rest of the adult population, another 21 million people, will be offered a vaccine. Teachers, transport workers, supermarket workers and the military could be prioritised.By autumn, the rest of the adult population, another 21 million people, will be offered a vaccine. Teachers, transport workers, supermarket workers and the military could be prioritised.
Can we jab our way out of lockdown?Can we jab our way out of lockdown?
Will a vaccine give us our old lives back?Will a vaccine give us our old lives back?
Covid vaccine: When will you be eligible?Covid vaccine: When will you be eligible?
Where are the vaccines coming from?Where are the vaccines coming from?
The UK is currently receiving doses of two vaccines approved by the medicine regulator.The UK is currently receiving doses of two vaccines approved by the medicine regulator.
The Pfizer-BioNTech jab - the first to be given the green light in December - is being imported from Puurs, Belgium.The Pfizer-BioNTech jab - the first to be given the green light in December - is being imported from Puurs, Belgium.
A second vaccine, from Oxford University and AstraZeneca, is being made in Britain, by two biotech companies:A second vaccine, from Oxford University and AstraZeneca, is being made in Britain, by two biotech companies:
Oxford BioMedica, based in OxfordOxford BioMedica, based in Oxford
Cobra Biologics, based at Keele Science Park, StaffsCobra Biologics, based at Keele Science Park, Staffs
Another company, Wockhardt, based in Wrexham, fills the vials and packages them for use.Another company, Wockhardt, based in Wrexham, fills the vials and packages them for use.
Supplies of a third vaccine to be approved, made by US company Moderna, will come from Switzerland or Spain but are not expected to be available until spring.Supplies of a third vaccine to be approved, made by US company Moderna, will come from Switzerland or Spain but are not expected to be available until spring.
The UK is also lined up to receive at least three other vaccines if they are approved for use.The UK is also lined up to receive at least three other vaccines if they are approved for use.
Some 60 million doses of a jab manufactured by US firm Novavax - shown to be 89.3% effective in large-scale UK trials - will be made in Stockton-on-Tees in north-east England if given the green light.Some 60 million doses of a jab manufactured by US firm Novavax - shown to be 89.3% effective in large-scale UK trials - will be made in Stockton-on-Tees in north-east England if given the green light.
The UK also has 30 million on order from Belgian firm Janssen, owned by Johnson & Johnson, which has announced that its single dose vaccine is 66% effective. If approved, the first doses should be available later this year.The UK also has 30 million on order from Belgian firm Janssen, owned by Johnson & Johnson, which has announced that its single dose vaccine is 66% effective. If approved, the first doses should be available later this year.
And up to 60 million doses of a jab by French company Valneva are to be made in Livingston, West Lothian, Scotland, by the end of this year, if it also receives regulatory approval. Preliminary results from clinical trials are expected in April. And 100 million doses of a jab by French company Valneva are to be made in Livingston, West Lothian, Scotland, if it also receives regulatory approval. Preliminary results from clinical trials are expected in April. The government says 60 million doses could start to be delivered by the end of this year, with the remaining 40 million in 2022.
Are there hold-ups?Are there hold-ups?
There are a number of challenges in what is called the vaccine "supply chain" - the logistics of how the jab gets from manufacturers to people.There are a number of challenges in what is called the vaccine "supply chain" - the logistics of how the jab gets from manufacturers to people.
Getting enough supplies in the first place, checking those supplies are up to scratch and transporting vaccines according to their requirements have all thrown up difficulties.Getting enough supplies in the first place, checking those supplies are up to scratch and transporting vaccines according to their requirements have all thrown up difficulties.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock told the House of Commons last week supply was "lumpy", but manufacturers were working "as fast as possible".Health Secretary Matt Hancock told the House of Commons last week supply was "lumpy", but manufacturers were working "as fast as possible".
Pfizer has warned the number of doses of its vaccine will be lower than expected this month because the company is upgrading its factory in Belgium in order to increase production in March.Pfizer has warned the number of doses of its vaccine will be lower than expected this month because the company is upgrading its factory in Belgium in order to increase production in March.
Production of the Oxford vaccine is also two months behind schedule, AstraZeneca CEO Pascal Soriot has told la Repubblica, causing delays to supplies to the European Union. However, the Anglo-Swedish company says it will still be able to meet the demands of its deal with the UK.Production of the Oxford vaccine is also two months behind schedule, AstraZeneca CEO Pascal Soriot has told la Repubblica, causing delays to supplies to the European Union. However, the Anglo-Swedish company says it will still be able to meet the demands of its deal with the UK.
On top of supply pressures, the government has also referred to the "rate-limiting factor" of batch testing - the process of ensuring vaccines released by manufacturers are safe and up to standard.On top of supply pressures, the government has also referred to the "rate-limiting factor" of batch testing - the process of ensuring vaccines released by manufacturers are safe and up to standard.
The UK's Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Authority (MHRA) requires vaccines to be checked by the National Institute of Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) to ensure they are effective, structurally intact and free of contaminants.The UK's Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Authority (MHRA) requires vaccines to be checked by the National Institute of Biological Standards and Control (NIBSC) to ensure they are effective, structurally intact and free of contaminants.
This process can take a long time as it has to be done twice - before and after the vaccine enters vials. Ensuring a batch is sterile can take two weeks.This process can take a long time as it has to be done twice - before and after the vaccine enters vials. Ensuring a batch is sterile can take two weeks.
To deal with the challenge, the NIBSC had scaled up its capacity so "multiple batches can be tested simultaneously" and more technical staff are being taken on.To deal with the challenge, the NIBSC had scaled up its capacity so "multiple batches can be tested simultaneously" and more technical staff are being taken on.
There are also challenges when transporting the vaccines.There are also challenges when transporting the vaccines.
While the Oxford vaccine can be stored in fridges and transported in regular refrigerated vans or cool boxes, the Pfizer jab - made from genetic material - needs to be stored at -70C to prevent it from degrading.While the Oxford vaccine can be stored in fridges and transported in regular refrigerated vans or cool boxes, the Pfizer jab - made from genetic material - needs to be stored at -70C to prevent it from degrading.
This means it needs to be transported in a carefully controlled deep-freeze delivery chain.This means it needs to be transported in a carefully controlled deep-freeze delivery chain.
How will people be vaccinated?How will people be vaccinated?
People will be vaccinated in three main ways, at:People will be vaccinated in three main ways, at:
local GP practices and community pharmacieslocal GP practices and community pharmacies
hospital hubshospital hubs
major vaccination sites across the countrymajor vaccination sites across the country
The government has urged the public to "play their part" in supporting "the largest vaccination programme in British history", including helping people attend their appointments.The government has urged the public to "play their part" in supporting "the largest vaccination programme in British history", including helping people attend their appointments.
In England, more than 1,000 GPs' surgeries, community pharmacies and hospital hubs are offering vaccination services.In England, more than 1,000 GPs' surgeries, community pharmacies and hospital hubs are offering vaccination services.
There are also 50 major vaccine sites which have been set up in larger premises, such as sports centres, racecourses and showgrounds, which are capable of giving jabs to thousands of people a week.There are also 50 major vaccine sites which have been set up in larger premises, such as sports centres, racecourses and showgrounds, which are capable of giving jabs to thousands of people a week.
In Wales, the vaccine is being distributed at GP practices and by mobile units. And they hope to have 35 mass vaccination centres up and running in the coming weeks.In Wales, the vaccine is being distributed at GP practices and by mobile units. And they hope to have 35 mass vaccination centres up and running in the coming weeks.
In Scotland, as well as GPs surgeries, pharmacies and hospital hubs, there will also be a number of larger vaccination sites, including 16 in the Greater Glasgow and Clyde area.In Scotland, as well as GPs surgeries, pharmacies and hospital hubs, there will also be a number of larger vaccination sites, including 16 in the Greater Glasgow and Clyde area.
Thousands of people have been trained to deliver the vaccines, with thousands more set to join the effort. The charity St John Ambulance Brigade is among those helping out.Thousands of people have been trained to deliver the vaccines, with thousands more set to join the effort. The charity St John Ambulance Brigade is among those helping out.
And a further 21 quick-reaction vaccination teams will also be ready to deployed anywhere around the country, commander of military support to the vaccine delivery programme Brig Phil Prosser says.And a further 21 quick-reaction vaccination teams will also be ready to deployed anywhere around the country, commander of military support to the vaccine delivery programme Brig Phil Prosser says.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson says no-one should have to travel more than 10 miles for a jab.Prime Minister Boris Johnson says no-one should have to travel more than 10 miles for a jab.
Is there enough vaccine?Is there enough vaccine?
The UK has ordered 367 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines - three of which have so far been approved for use. The UK has ordered 407 million doses of seven of the most promising vaccines - three of which have so far been approved for use.
Among them are 100 million doses of the Oxford vaccine - enough to inoculate 50 million people.Among them are 100 million doses of the Oxford vaccine - enough to inoculate 50 million people.
This, when combined with the 40 million ordered Pfizer jabs, will cover the entire population, the health secretary has said.This, when combined with the 40 million ordered Pfizer jabs, will cover the entire population, the health secretary has said.
The UK also has significant orders of the newly-approved Moderna vaccine.The UK also has significant orders of the newly-approved Moderna vaccine.
But having vaccines on order is not the same as having them ready to go. Of the 100 million Oxford jabs ordered, only 530,000 were ready for nationwide rollout on 4 January. Although, the government has said this number will rise to "tens of millions" by the end of March.But having vaccines on order is not the same as having them ready to go. Of the 100 million Oxford jabs ordered, only 530,000 were ready for nationwide rollout on 4 January. Although, the government has said this number will rise to "tens of millions" by the end of March.
Pfizer says the number of doses it has sent to the UK is now "in the millions".Pfizer says the number of doses it has sent to the UK is now "in the millions".
The company has said that although shipments to the UK would be affected by upgrades to its production process this month, overall the country would receive the agreed volumes for the first three months of the year.The company has said that although shipments to the UK would be affected by upgrades to its production process this month, overall the country would receive the agreed volumes for the first three months of the year.
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Design by Lilly Huynh, Irene de la Torre Arenas and Sana Jasemi. Additional reporting by Smitha Mundasad. Regional vaccine map and chart by Daniel Dunford and Wesley Stephenson.Design by Lilly Huynh, Irene de la Torre Arenas and Sana Jasemi. Additional reporting by Smitha Mundasad. Regional vaccine map and chart by Daniel Dunford and Wesley Stephenson.