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Coronavirus in the UK: How many confirmed cases are there in your area? Coronavirus in the UK: How many confirmed cases are there in your area?
(1 day later)
There have been more than 300,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus so far in the UK and around 46,000 people have died, government figures show. However, these numbers only include people tested, and the actual death toll is higher.There have been more than 300,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus so far in the UK and around 46,000 people have died, government figures show. However, these numbers only include people tested, and the actual death toll is higher.
Here we a take a look at some of the key figures of the pandemic in the UK - estimates of the death toll and number of cases. You can also find out more about cases in your area using our search tool and map. Here we a take a look at some of the key figures of the pandemic in the UK - estimates of the death toll and number of cases. You can also find out more about cases in your area using our search tool below.
Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:Find out how the pandemic has affected your area and how it compares with the national average:
Public Health England figures on coronavirus cases were updated on 2 July to include people tested in the wider community, as well as hospitals and healthcare workers, causing the numbers to increase sharply. Figures for the rest of the UK already included people tested in the wider population.
If you can't see the look-up click here.If you can't see the look-up click here.
Slow rise in new cases amid concern over hotspots Rise in new cases amid concern over hotspots
The new coronavirus, which causes the disease Covid-19, was first confirmed in the UK at the end of January, but the number of daily confirmed cases and related deaths only began to increase significantly by the second half of March. As confirmed cases start to edge up again, the further easing of lockdown measures in England has been postponed for at least two weeks.
Lockdown restrictions came into force across the UK at the end of that month and the number of new confirmed cases continued to rise until April, before starting to fall steadily throughout May and June. Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the government has had to to "squeeze that brake pedal... in order to keep the virus under control."
However, following some easing of those restrictions, confirmed cases are now starting to rise again and the further relaxation of rules in England planned for 1 August has been postponed for at least two weeks. A further 938 cases were confirmed on Monday, the highest daily total since 26 June.
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson said government had to "squeeze that brake pedal... in order to keep the virus under control." While levels of infection remain far below peak levels seen in April, figures from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) released last week suggest the number of infections could be higher than the government's daily figures.
On Sunday, a further 744 new cases were reported in the UK. A sample of households in England, excluding care homes and hospitals, which were swabbed to test for current infection, suggest cases have risen from an estimated 3,200 to 4,200 per day since last week.
While levels of infection are far below their peak, the average number of cases reported each day is slowly creeping up again. These ONS estimates are higher than those reported by the Department of Health and Social Care because they include people without symptoms who would not otherwise have applied for a test.
However, separate figures from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) released on Friday suggest the number of infections could be higher.
A sample of households in England, excluding care homes and hospitals, which were swabbed to test for current infection, suggest cases have risen from an estimated 2,800 to 4,200 since last week.
The ONS's estimates of daily cases are higher than those reported by the Department of Health and Social Care because they include people without symptoms who would not otherwise have applied for a test.
Several countries across Europe have reported a recent rise in cases, sparking concern of a similar resurgence of the disease in the UK. Spain has seen a particularly sharp rise.Several countries across Europe have reported a recent rise in cases, sparking concern of a similar resurgence of the disease in the UK. Spain has seen a particularly sharp rise.
Since some of the UK's March lockdown rules began to be relaxed, a number of local outbreaks have been identified, with geographically-specific restrictions imposed. The UK currently has a number of local "hotspots" of cases, many in the north of England, and specific restrictions have been imposed on these areas.
Millions of people in Greater Manchester, east Lancashire and parts of West Yorkshire are under new restrictions, which ban separate households from meeting each other in private homes or gardens. Millions of people in Greater Manchester, East Lancashire and parts of West Yorkshire are banned from meeting separate households in private homes or gardens.
Oldham in Greater Manchester has been a particular focus for concern, with cases rising significantly in the last few weeks.
One of the first areas to face localised lockdown measures was Leicester at the end of June.
Public Health England is now producing a coronavirus watchlist of areas, based on an assessment of incidence rates, and other indicators such as trends in testing, local responses and plans, healthcare activity and mortality.Public Health England is now producing a coronavirus watchlist of areas, based on an assessment of incidence rates, and other indicators such as trends in testing, local responses and plans, healthcare activity and mortality.
Decline in daily deaths has slowedDecline in daily deaths has slowed
While the number of new cases of coronavirus appears to be rising again, government-announced deaths have continued to drop since a peak in mid-April, though the downward trend has slowed recently. While the number of new cases of coronavirus is rising again, government-announced deaths have continued to fall since a peak in mid-April, though the downward trend has slowed recently.
On Sunday, only 8 deaths were reported, down from 74 on Saturday. However, the chart below shows figures on Sundays and Mondays are often lower than the those for rest of the week as there is a delay in deaths being reported over the weekends. On Monday, only nine deaths were reported. However, reported figures on Sundays and Mondays are often lower than the those for rest of the week as there is a delay in deaths being reported over the weekends.
The latest figures are published on the government's coronavirus dashboard - although a review is taking place into the way deaths from coronavirus are counted in England.The latest figures are published on the government's coronavirus dashboard - although a review is taking place into the way deaths from coronavirus are counted in England.
Public Health England have confirmed that reported deaths may have included people who tested positive months before they died. Other UK nations include only those who died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.Public Health England have confirmed that reported deaths may have included people who tested positive months before they died. Other UK nations include only those who died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.
The majority of the UK's deaths have been in England, with nearly 42,000 so far.The majority of the UK's deaths have been in England, with nearly 42,000 so far.
Three further deaths were reported in Wales on Sunday. There were no new deaths in Scotland. Northern Ireland is not currently reporting any new deaths over the weekends. There were no deaths reported in Northern Ireland, Scotland or Wales on Monday.
Overall death toll could be more than 60,000Overall death toll could be more than 60,000
When looking at the overall death toll from coronavirus, official figures count such deaths in three different ways.When looking at the overall death toll from coronavirus, official figures count such deaths in three different ways.
Public Health England counts the deaths of people who have tested positive for coronavirus, providing the government with a figure it announces each 24 hours.Public Health England counts the deaths of people who have tested positive for coronavirus, providing the government with a figure it announces each 24 hours.
But the ONS publishes weekly updates using two other measures.But the ONS publishes weekly updates using two other measures.
The first includes all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate, even if the person had not been tested for the virus. The latest figures using this measure suggest there had been more than 55,000 deaths by 17 July.The first includes all deaths where coronavirus was mentioned on the death certificate, even if the person had not been tested for the virus. The latest figures using this measure suggest there had been more than 55,000 deaths by 17 July.
The ONS also looks at all UK deaths over and above the number usually expected for the time of year - known as excess deaths. The latest figures for this measure show the death toll was just under 64,000 up to 17 July.The ONS also looks at all UK deaths over and above the number usually expected for the time of year - known as excess deaths. The latest figures for this measure show the death toll was just under 64,000 up to 17 July.
In recent weeks, figures used in this third measure have actually been falling.In recent weeks, figures used in this third measure have actually been falling.
This is because the number of deaths from all causes registered in a single week - including coronavirus - has now stayed below the five-year average for four weeks in a row.This is because the number of deaths from all causes registered in a single week - including coronavirus - has now stayed below the five-year average for four weeks in a row.
Figures released by the ONS on Thursday show that England had the highest levels of excess deaths in Europe between the end of February and the middle of June. Figures released by the ONS last week show that England had the highest levels of excess deaths in Europe between the end of February and the middle of June.
Some areas of Spain and Italy were harder hit than UK cities. But ONS analysis shows the epidemic in the UK was more widespread than in other countries. Scotland saw the third highest death rate in Europe - behind England and Spain. Wales was in fifth place and Northern Ireland in eighth.Some areas of Spain and Italy were harder hit than UK cities. But ONS analysis shows the epidemic in the UK was more widespread than in other countries. Scotland saw the third highest death rate in Europe - behind England and Spain. Wales was in fifth place and Northern Ireland in eighth.
The government has argued it is too soon to make definitive international comparisons but, as the impact of the first wave becomes clear in many countries, analysis is beginning to suggest the UK has been the hardest hit of the leading G7 nations.The government has argued it is too soon to make definitive international comparisons but, as the impact of the first wave becomes clear in many countries, analysis is beginning to suggest the UK has been the hardest hit of the leading G7 nations.
What is the R number in the UK?What is the R number in the UK?
The "R number" is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.The "R number" is the average number of people an infected person will pass the disease on to.
If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will fall; if it is above one, the number will grow.
The current estimate by the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, known as Sage, for the R number across the whole of the UK is between 0.8 and 0.9 as of 31 July.The current estimate by the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies, known as Sage, for the R number across the whole of the UK is between 0.8 and 0.9 as of 31 July.
The estimate for England is between 0.8 and 1.0, while for Scotland it is between 0.6 and 0.9. In Northern Ireland it is 0.5-0.9, while it is 0.6-0.9 in Wales.The estimate for England is between 0.8 and 1.0, while for Scotland it is between 0.6 and 0.9. In Northern Ireland it is 0.5-0.9, while it is 0.6-0.9 in Wales.
While the government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in deciding when lockdown measures can be eased, it now says these estimates do not fully represent current infection levels.While the government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in deciding when lockdown measures can be eased, it now says these estimates do not fully represent current infection levels.
The latest estimated R number released on Friday represented "the transmission of Covid-19 from several weeks ago due to a time delay between someone being infected and needing healthcare", the Government Office for Science said.The latest estimated R number released on Friday represented "the transmission of Covid-19 from several weeks ago due to a time delay between someone being infected and needing healthcare", the Government Office for Science said.
More recent data suggested a higher R for England, the government added. More recent data suggested a higher R for England, the government added. ONS estimates also suggest daily cases have increased, but nowhere near the levels seen earlier in the year.
The ONS believes there is now enough evidence to suggest a "slight" increase in new infections in England in recent weeks, for the first time since May.
This increase is nowhere near the levels seen earlier in the year, however.